latcfilt

Lattice and lattice-ladder filter implementation

Syntax


[f,g] = latcfilt(k,x)
[f,g] = latcfilt(k,v,x)
[f,g] = latcfilt(k,1,x)
[f,g,zf] = latcfilt(...,'ic',zi)
[f,g,zf] = latcfilt(...,dim)

Description

When filtering data, lattice coefficients can be used to represent

  • FIR filters

  • All-pole IIR filters

  • Allpass IIR filters

  • General IIR filters

[f,g] = latcfilt(k,x) filters x with the FIR lattice coefficients in the vector k. The forward lattice filter result is f and g is the backward filter result. If |k|1, f corresponds to the minimum-phase output, and g corresponds to the maximum-phase output.

If k and x are vectors, the result is a (signal) vector. Matrix arguments are permitted under the following rules:

  • If x is a matrix and k is a vector, each column of x is processed through the lattice filter specified by k.

  • If x is a vector and k is a matrix, each column of k is used to filter x, and a signal matrix is returned.

  • If x and k are both matrices with the same number of columns, then the ith column of k is used to filter the ith column of x. A signal matrix is returned.

[f,g] = latcfilt(k,v,x) filters x with the IIR lattice coefficients k and ladder coefficients v. Both k and v must be vectors, while x can be a signal matrix.

[f,g] = latcfilt(k,1,x) filters x with the IIR lattice specified by k, where k and x can be vectors or matrices. f is the all-pole lattice filter result and g is the allpass filter result.

[f,g,zf] = latcfilt(...,'ic',zi) accepts a length-k vector zi specifying the initial condition of the lattice states. Output zf is a length-k vector specifying the final condition of the lattice states.

[f,g,zf] = latcfilt(...,dim) filters x along the dimension dim. To specify a dim value, the FIR lattice coefficients k must be a vector and you must specify all previous input parameters in order. Use the empty vector [ ] for any parameters you do not want to specify. zf returns the final conditions in columns, regardless of the shape of x.

Examples

Filter data with an FIR lattice filter:

%create data
x=randn(512,1);
%reflection coefficients for 3-point MA filter
[f,g]=latcfilt([1/2 1],x);
%compare f vector to dfilt.latticemamin output
Hd=dfilt.latticemamin([1/2 1]);
y=filter(Hd,x);
isequal(y,f) %returns 1
%compare g vector to dfilt.latticemamax output
Hd1=dfilt.latticemamax([1/2 1]);
y1=filter(Hd1,x);
isequal(g,y1) %returns 1
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