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# lp2lp

Change cutoff frequency for lowpass analog filter

## Syntax

[bt,at] = lp2lp(b,a,Wo)
[At,Bt,Ct,Dt] = lp2lp(A,B,C,D,Wo)

## Description

lp2lp transforms an analog lowpass filter prototype with a cutoff angular frequency of 1 rad/s into a lowpass filter with any specified cutoff angular frequency. The transformation is one step in the digital filter design process for the butter, cheby1, cheby2, and ellip functions.

The lp2lp function can perform the transformation on two different linear system representations: transfer function form and state-space form. In both cases, the input system must be an analog filter prototype.

### Transfer Function Form (Polynomial)

[bt,at] = lp2lp(b,a,Wo) transforms an analog lowpass filter prototype given by polynomial coefficients into a lowpass filter with cutoff angular frequency Wo. Row vectors b and a specify the coefficients of the numerator and denominator of the prototype in descending powers of s.

Scalar Wo specifies the cutoff angular frequency in units of radians/second. lp2lp returns the frequency transformed filter in row vectors bt and at.

### State-Space Form

[At,Bt,Ct,Dt] = lp2lp(A,B,C,D,Wo) converts the continuous-time state-space lowpass filter prototype in matrices A, B, C, D below

into a lowpass filter with cutoff angular frequency Wo. lp2lp returns the lowpass filter in matrices At, Bt, Ct, Dt.

expand all

### Algorithms

lp2lp is a highly accurate state-space formulation of the classic analog filter frequency transformation. If a lowpass filter is to have cutoff angular frequency ω0, the standard s-domain transformation is

The state-space version of this transformation is

```At = Wo*A;
Bt = Wo*B;
Ct = C;
Dt = D;
```

See lp2bp for a derivation of the bandpass version of this transformation.