Signal to noise and distortion ratio
r = sinad(x)
r = sinad(x,fs)
r = sinad(pxx,f,'psd')
r = sinad(sxx,f,rbw,'power')
[r,totdistpow] = sinad(___)
sinad(___) with no output arguments
plots the spectrum of the signal in the current figure window and
labels its fundamental component. It uses different colors to draw
the fundamental component, the DC value, and the noise. The SINAD
appears above the plot.
Create two signals. Both signals have a fundamental frequency of rad/sample with amplitude 1 and the first harmonic of frequency rad/sample with amplitude 0.025. One of the signals additionally has additive white Gaussian noise with variance .
Create the two signals. Set the random number generator to the default settings for reproducible results. Determine the SINAD for the signal without additive noise and compare the result to the theoretical SINAD.
n = 0:159; x = cos(pi/4*n)+0.025*sin(pi/2*n); rng default y = cos(pi/4*n)+0.025*sin(pi/2*n)+0.05*randn(size(n)); r = sinad(x)
r = 32.0412
powfund = 1; powharm = 0.025^2; thSINAD = 10*log10(powfund/powharm)
thSINAD = 32.0412
Determine the SINAD for the sinusoidal signal with additive noise. Show how including the theoretical variance of the additive noise approximates the SINAD.
r = sinad(y)
r = 22.8085
varnoise = 0.05^2; thSINAD = 10*log10(powfund/(powharm+varnoise))
thSINAD = 25.0515
Create a signal with a fundamental frequency of 1 kHz and unit amplitude, sampled at 480 kHz. The signal additionally consists of the first harmonic with amplitude 0.02 and additive white Gaussian noise with variance .
Determine the SINAD and compare the result with the theoretical SINAD.
fs = 48e4; t = 0:1/fs:1-1/fs; rng default x = cos(2*pi*1000*t)+0.02*sin(2*pi*2000*t)+0.01*randn(size(t)); r = sinad(x,fs)
r = 32.2058
powfund = 1; powharm = 0.02^2; varnoise = 0.01^2; thSINAD = 10*log10(powfund/(powharm+varnoise*(1/fs)))
thSINAD = 33.9794
Create a signal with a fundamental frequency of 1 kHz and unit amplitude, sampled at 480 kHz. The signal additionally consists of the first harmonic with amplitude 0.02 and additive white Gaussian noise with standard deviation 0.01. Set the random number generator to the default settings for reproducible results.
Obtain the periodogram of the signal and use the periodogram as the input to sinad.
fs = 48e4; t = 0:1/fs:1-1/fs; rng default x = cos(2*pi*1000*t)+0.02*sin(2*pi*2000*t)+0.01*randn(size(t)); [pxx,f] = periodogram(x,rectwin(length(x)),length(x),fs); r = sinad(pxx,f,'psd')
r = 32.2109
Generate a sinusoid of frequency 2.5 kHz sampled at 50 kHz. Add Gaussian white noise with standard deviation 0.00005 to the signal. Pass the result through a weakly nonlinear amplifier. Plot the SINAD.
fs = 5e4; f0 = 2.5e3; N = 1024; t = (0:N-1)/fs; ct = cos(2*pi*f0*t); cd = ct + 0.00005*randn(size(ct)); amp = [1e-5 5e-6 -1e-3 6e-5 1 25e-3]; sgn = polyval(amp,cd); sinad(sgn,fs);
The plot shows the spectrum used to compute the ratio and the region treated as noise. The DC level and the fundamental are excluded from the noise computation. The fundamental is labeled.
x— Real-valued sinusoidal input signal
Real-valued sinusoidal input signal, specified as a row or column vector.
fs— Sample rate
Sample rate, specified as a positive scalar. The sample rate is the number of samples per unit time. If the unit of time is seconds, then the sample rate has units of Hz.
pxx— One-sided PSD estimate
One-sided PSD estimate, specified as a real-valued, nonnegative column vector.
f— Cyclical frequencies
Cyclical frequencies corresponding to the one-sided PSD estimate,
specified as a row or column vector. The first element of
sxx— Power spectrum
Power spectrum, specified as a real-valued nonnegative row or column vector.
rbw— Resolution bandwidth
Resolution bandwidth, specified as a positive scalar. The resolution bandwidth is the product of the frequency resolution of the discrete Fourier transform and the equivalent noise bandwidth of the window.
r— Signal to noise and distortion ratio in dBc
Signal to noise and distortion ratio in dBc, returned as a real-valued scalar.
totdistpow— Total noise and harmonic distortion power of the signal
Total noise and harmonic distortion power of the signal, returned as a real-valued scalar expressed in dB.
When given time-domain input,
a periodogram using a Kaiser window with large sidelobe attenuation.
To find the fundamental frequency, the algorithm searches the periodogram
for the largest nonzero spectral component. It then computes the central
moment of all adjacent bins that decrease monotonically away from
the maximum. To be detectable, the fundamental should be at least
in the second frequency bin. Higher harmonics are at integer multiples
of the fundamental frequency. If a harmonic lies within the monotonically
decreasing region in the neighborhood of another, its power is considered
to belong to the larger harmonic. This larger harmonic may or may
not be the fundamental.
The function estimates a noise level using the median power in the regions containing only noise and distortion. The DC component is excluded from the calculation. The noise at each point is the estimated level or the ordinate of the point, whichever is smaller. The noise is then subtracted from the values of the signal and the harmonics.
sinad fails if the fundamental
is not the highest spectral component in the signal.
Ensure that the frequency components are far enough apart to
accommodate for the sidelobe width of the Kaiser window. If this is
not feasible, you can use the
'power' flag and
compute a periodogram with a different window.