# Documentation

## Prediction Polynomial

This example shows how to obtain the prediction polynomial from an autocorrelation sequence. The example also shows that the resulting prediction polynomial has an inverse that produces a stable all-pole filter. You can use the all-pole filter to filter a wide-sense stationary white noise sequence to produce a wide-sense stationary autoregressive process.

Create an autocorrelation sequence defined by

k = 0:2; rk = (24/5)*2.^(-k)-(27/10)*3.^(-k); 

Use ac2poly to obtain the prediction polynomial of order 2, which is

A = ac2poly(rk); 

Examine the pole-zero plot of the FIR filter to see that the zeros are inside the unit circle.

zplane(A,1) 

The inverse all-pole filter is stable with poles inside the unit circle.

zplane(1,A) 

Use the all-pole filter to produce a realization of a wide-sense stationary AR(2) process from a white-noise sequence. Set the random number generator to the default settings for reproducible results.

rng default x = randn(1000,1); y = filter(1,A,x); 

Compute the sample autocorrelation of the AR(2) realization and show that the sample autocorrelation is close to the true autocorrelation.

[xc,lags] = xcorr(y,2,'biased'); [xc(3:end) rk'] 
ans = 2.2401 2.1000 1.6419 1.5000 0.9980 0.9000 
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