Model general transmission line
The Transmission Line block models the transmission line described in the block dialog box in terms of its physical parameters. The transmission line, which can be lossy or lossless, is treated as a two-port linear network.
The block enables you to model the transmission line as a stub or as a stubless line.
If you model the transmission line as a stubless line, the Transmission Line block first calculates the ABCD-parameters at each frequency contained in the modeling frequencies vector. It then uses the abcd2s function to convert the ABCD-parameters to S-parameters.
The block calculates the ABCD-parameters using the physical length of the transmission line, d, and the complex propagation constant, k, using the following equations:
Z0 is the specified characteristic impedance. k is a vector whose elements correspond to the elements of the input vector freq. The block calculates k from the specified parameters as k = αa + iβ, where αa is the attenuation coefficient and β is the wave number. The attenuation coefficient αa is related to the specified loss, α, by
The wave number β is related to the specified phase velocity, Vp, by
The phase velocity VP is also known as the wave propagation velocity.
If you model the transmission line as a shunt or series stub, the Transmission Line block first calculates the ABCD-parameters at each frequency contained in the vector of modeling frequencies. It then uses the abcd2s function to convert the ABCD-parameters to S-parameters.
When you set the Stub mode parameter in the mask dialog box to Shunt, the two-port network consists of a stub transmission line that you can terminate with either a short circuit or an open circuit as shown here.
Zin is the input impedance of the shunt circuit. The ABCD-parameters for the shunt stub are calculated as
When you set the Stub mode parameter in the mask dialog box to Series, the two-port network consists of a series transmission line that you can terminate with either a short circuit or an open circuit as shown here.
Zin is the input impedance of the series circuit. The ABCD-parameters for the series stub are calculated as
Characteristic impedance of the transmission line. The value can be complex.
Propagation velocity of a uniform plane wave on the transmission line.
Reduction in strength of the signal as it travels over the transmission line. Must be positive.
Vector of modeling frequencies. The block performs the calculations listed in the Description section at each frequency you provide.
Physical length of the transmission line.
Type of stub. Choices are Not a stub, Shunt, or Series.
Stub termination for stub modes Shunt and Series. Choices are Open or Short. This parameter becomes visible only when Stub mode is set to Shunt or Series.
For information about plotting, see Create Plots.
 Ludwig, Reinhold and Pavel Bretchko, RF Circuit Design: Theory and Applications, Prentice-Hall, 2000.