Create a new Simulink

^{®}model and add a MATLAB Function block to the model from the User-Defined Functions library:Add the following Source and Sink blocks to the model:

From the Sources library, add a Constant block to the left of the MATLAB Function block and set its value to the vector

`[2 3 4 5]`

.From the Sinks library, add two Display blocks to the right of the MATLAB Function block.

In the Simulink Editor, select

**File > Save As**and save the model as`call_stats_block1`

.

The following exercise demonstrates programming the block to calculate the mean and standard deviation for a vector of values:

Open the

`call_stats_block1`

model that you saved at the end of Adding a MATLAB Function Block to a Model. Double-click the MATLAB Function block`fcn`

to open it for editing.A default function signature appears, along with the

`%#codegen`

directive. The directive indicates that you intend to generate code from this algorithm and turns on appropriate error checking (see Compilation Directive %#codegen.Edit the function header line:

function [mean,stdev] = stats(vals) %#codegen

The function

`stats`

calculates a statistical mean and standard deviation for the values in the vector`vals`

. The function header declares`vals`

as an argument to the`stats`

function, with`mean`

and`stdev`

as return values.Save the model as

`call_stats_block2`

.Complete the connections to the MATLAB Function block as shown.

In the MATLAB Function Block Editor, enter a line space after the function header and add the following code:

% calculates a statistical mean and a standard % deviation for the values in vals. len = length(vals); mean = avg(vals,len); stdev = sqrt(sum(((vals-avg(vals,len)).^2))/len); plot(vals,'-+'); function mean = avg(array,size) mean = sum(array)/size;

Save the model as

`call_stats_block2`

.

After programming a MATLAB Function block in a Simulink model, you can build the function and test for errors. This section describes the steps:

Building your MATLAB Function block requires
a supported compiler. MATLAB automatically selects one as the
default compiler. If you have multiple MATLAB-supported compilers
installed on your system, you can change the default using the ```
mex
-setup
```

command. See Changing Default Compiler.

**Supported Compilers for Simulation Builds. **To view a list of compilers for building models containing MATLAB
Function blocks for simulation:

Navigate to the Supported and Compatible Compilers Web page.

Select your platform.

In the table for Simulink and related products, find the compilers checked in the column titled Simulink for MATLAB Function blocks.

**Supported Compilers for Code Generation. **To generate code for models that contain MATLAB Function blocks,
you can use any of the C compilers supported by Simulink software
for code generation with Simulink Coder™. For a list of these
compilers:

Navigate to the Supported and Compatible Compilers Web page.

Select your platform.

In the table for Simulink and related products, find the compilers checked in the column titled Simulink Coder.

Open the

`call_stats_block2`

model that you saved at the end of Programming the MATLAB Function Block.Double-click its MATLAB Function block

`stats`

to open it for editing.In the MATLAB Function Block Editor, select

**Build Model**>**Build**to compile and build the example model.If no errors occur, the

**Simulation Diagnostics**window displays a message indicating success. Otherwise, this window helps you locate errors, as described in How to Locate and Fix Errors.

If errors occur during the build process, the **Simulation
Diagnostics** window lists the errors with links to the offending
code.

The following exercise shows how to locate and fix an error in a MATLAB Function block.

In the

`stats`

function, change the local function`avg`

to a fictitious local function`aug`

and then compile again to see the following messages in window:The

**Simulation Diagnostics**window displays each detected error with a red button.Click the first error line to display its diagnostic message in the bottom error window.

The message also links to a report about compile-time type information for variables and expressions in your MATLAB functions. This information helps you diagnose error messages and understand type propagation rules. For more information about the report, see MATLAB Function Reports.

In the diagnostic message for the selected error, click the blue link after the function name to display the offending code.

The offending line appears highlighted in the MATLAB Function Block Editor:

Correct the error by changing

`aug`

back to`avg`

and recompile.

In the `stats`

function header for the MATLAB
Function block you defined in Programming the MATLAB Function Block,
the function argument `vals`

is an input, and `mean`

and `stdev`

are
outputs. By default, function inputs and outputs inherit their data
type and size from the signals attached to their ports. In this topic,
you examine input and output data for the MATLAB Function block
to verify that it inherits the correct type and size.

Open the

`call_stats_block2`

model that you saved at the end of Programming the MATLAB Function Block. Double-click the MATLAB Function block`stats`

to open it for editing.In the MATLAB Function Block Editor, select

**Edit Data**.The Ports and Data Manager opens to help you define arguments for MATLAB Function blocks.

The left pane displays the argument

`vals`

and the return values`mean`

and`stdev`

that you have already created for the MATLAB Function block. Notice that`vals`

is assigned a**Scope**of`Input`

, which is short for**Input from Simulink**.`mean`

and`stdev`

are assigned the**Scope**of`Output`

, which is short for**Output to Simulink**.In the left pane of the Ports and Data Manager, click anywhere in the row for

`vals`

to highlight it.The right pane displays the

**Data**properties dialog box for`vals`

. By default, the class, size, and complexity of input and output arguments are inherited from the signals attached to each input or output port. Inheritance is specified by setting**Size**to`-1`

**, Complexity**to`Inherited`

, and**Type**to`Inherit: Same as Simulink`

.The actual inherited values for size and type are set during compilation of the model, and are reported in the

**Compiled Type**and**Compiled Size**columns of the left pane.You can specify the type of an input or output argument by selecting a type in the

**Type**field of the**Data**properties dialog box, for example,`double`

. You can also specify the size of an input or output argument by entering an expression in the**Size**field. For example, you can enter`[2 3]`

in the**Size**field to specify`vals`

as a 2-by-3 matrix. See Type Function Arguments and Size Function Arguments for more information on the expressions that you can enter for type and size.**Note:**The default first index for any arrays that you add to a MATLAB Function block function is`1`

, just as it would be in MATLAB.

For more information, see Ports and Data Manager.

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