Note: For information about initializing bus signals, see Specify Initial Conditions for Bus Signals.
Simulink® allows you to specify the initial values of signals and discrete states, i.e., the values of the signals and discrete states at the Start time of the simulation. You can use signal objects to specify the initial values of any signal or discrete state in a model. In addition, for some blocks, e.g., Outport, Data Store Memory, or Memory, you can use either a signal object or a block parameter or both to specify the initial value of a block state or output. In such cases, Simulink checks to ensure that the values specified by the signal object and the parameter are consistent.
When you specify a signal object for signal or discrete state initialization, or a variable as the value of a block parameter, Simulink resolves the name that you specify to an appropriate object or variable, as described in Symbol Resolution.
A given signal can be associated with at most one signal object
under any circumstances. The signal can refer to the object more than
once, but every reference must resolve to exactly the same object.
A different signal object that has exactly the same properties will
not meet the requirement for uniqueness. A compile-time error occurs
if a model associates more than one signal object with any signal.
For more information, see
the Merge block.
For blocks that have an initial value or initial condition parameter, you can use that parameter to initialize a signal. For example, the following Block Parameters dialog box initializes the signal for a Unit Delay block with an initial condition of 0.
You can use signal objects that have a storage class other than
Discrete states with an initial condition parameter
Signals in a model except bus signals and blocks that output constant value
To specify an initial value, use the Model Explorer or MATLAB® commands to do the following:
Create the signal object.
On the Model Explorer toolbar, select Add > Simulink Signal. The signal
object appears in the base workspace with a default name. Rename the
S1. Alternatively, use this command at
the command prompt:
S1 = Simulink.Signal;
The name of the signal object must be the same as the name of the signal that the object is initializing. Although not required, consider setting the Signal name must resolve to Simulink signal object option in the Signal Properties dialog box. This setting makes signal objects in the MATLAB workspace consistent with signals that appear in your model.
Consider using the Data Object Wizard to create signal objects. The Data Object Wizard searches a model for signals for which signal objects do not exist. You can then selectively create signal objects for multiple signals listed in the search results with a single operation. For more information about the Data Object Wizard, see Create Data Objects for a Model Using Data Object Wizard in the Simulink documentation.
Set the signal object's storage class to a value other
In the Model Explorer Contents pane, select the
signal object. In the Dialog pane, set Storage class to
Alternatively, use this command at the command prompt:
S1.CoderInfo.StorageClass = 'ExportedGlobal';
Set the initial value. You can specify a MATLAB expression, including the name of a workspace variable, that evaluates to a numeric scalar value or array.
The Simulink engine converts the initial value so the type, complexity, and dimension are consistent with the corresponding block parameter value. If you specify an invalid value or expression, an error message appears when you update the model.
In the Model Explorer Dialog pane, set Initial value to
Alternatively, use this command at the command prompt:
S1.InitialValue = '0.5'
If you can also use a block parameter to set the initial value
of the signal or state, you should set the parameter either to empty
) or to the same value as the initial value
of the signal object. If you set the parameter value to empty, Simulink uses
the value specified by the signal object to initialize the signal
or state. If you set the parameter to any other value, Simulink compares
the parameter value to the signal object value and displays an error
if they differ.
Some initial value settings may depend on the initialization mode. For more information, see Underspecified initialization detection.
Classic initialization mode: In this mode,
initial value settings for signal objects that represent the following
signals and states override the corresponding block parameter initial
values if undefined (specified as
Output signals of conditionally executed subsystems and Merge blocks
Simplified initialization mode: In this mode, initial values of signal objects associated with the output of the following blocks are ignored. The initial values of the corresponding blocks are used instead.
Output signals of conditionally executed subsystems
Simulink allows you to use signal objects as an alternative
to parameter objects (see
Simulink.Parameter) to tune
the initial values of block outputs and states that can be specified
via a tunable parameter. To use a signal object to tune an initial
value, create a signal object with the same name as the signal or
state and set the signal object's initial value to an expression that
includes a variable defined in the MATLAB workspace. You can
then tune the initial value by changing the value of the corresponding
workspace variable during the simulation.
For example, suppose you want to tune the initial value of a Memory block state named
To do this, you might create a signal object named
set its storage class to
its initial value to
K is a workspace variable in the MATLAB workspace,
and set the corresponding initial condition parameter of the Memory
 to avoid consistency errors. You could
then change the initial value of the Memory block's state any time
during the simulation by changing the value of
the MATLAB command line and updating the block diagram (e.g.,
by typing Ctrl+D).
The following example shows a signal object specifying the initial output of an enabled subsystem.
s is initialized to 4.5. To avoid
a consistency error, the initial value of the enabled subsystem's
Outport block must be
 or 4.5.
If you need a signal object and its initial value setting to persist across Simulink sessions, see Create Persistent Data Objects.
The following model and table show different types of signals and discrete states that you can initialize and the simulation behavior that results for each.
|Signal or Discrete State||Description||Behavior|
|X1||Unit Delay block — Block with a discrete state that has an initial condition|
|X2||Data Store Memory block|
|S2||Output of an enabled subsystem|