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setdiff

Class: dataset

Set difference for dataset array observations

The dataset data type might be removed in a future release. To work with heterogeneous data, use the MATLAB® table data type instead. See MATLAB table documentation for more information.

Syntax

C = setdiff(A,B)
C = setdiff(A,B,vars)
C = setxor(A,B,vars,setOrder)
[C,iA] = setxor(___)

Description

C = setdiff(A,B) for dataset arrays A and B returns the set of observations that are in A but not B, with repetitions removed. The observations in the dataset array C are sorted.

C = setdiff(A,B,vars) returns the set of observations that are in A but not B, considering only the variables specified in vars, with repetitions removed. The observations in the dataset array C are sorted by these variables. The values for variables not specified in vars for each observation in C are taken from the corresponding observation in A. If there are multiple observations in A that correspond to an observation in C, those values are taken from the first occurrence.

C = setxor(A,B,vars,setOrder) returns the observations in C in the order specified by setOrder.

[C,iA] = setxor(___) also returns the index vector iA such that C = A(iA,:). If there are repeated observations in A, then setxor returns the index of the first occurrence. You can use any of the previous input arguments.

Input Arguments

A,B

Input dataset arrays.

vars

Cell array of strings containing variable names or a vector of integers containing variable column numbers, indicating the variables that setdiff considers.

Specify vars as [] to use its default value of all variables.

setOrder

Flag indicating the sorting order for the observations in C. The possible values of setOrder are:

'sorted'Observations in C are in sorted order (default).
'stable'Observations in C are in the same order that they appear in A.

Output Arguments

C

Dataset array with the observations that are in A but not B, with repetitions removed. C is in sorted order (by default), or the order specified by setOrder.

iA

Index vector, indicating the observations from A that are in C. The vector iA contains the index to the first occurrence of any repeated observations in A.

Examples

expand all

Set Difference of Two Dataset Arrays

Create a scalar structure array, and then convert it into two dataset arrays.

S(1,1).Name = 'CLARK';
S(1,1).Gender = 'M';
S(1,1).SystolicBP = 124;
S(1,1).DiastolicBP = 93;

S(2,1).Name = 'BROWN';
S(2,1).Gender = 'F';
S(2,1).SystolicBP = 122;
S(2,1).DiastolicBP = 80;

S(3,1).Name = 'MARTIN';
S(3,1).Gender = 'M';
S(3,1).SystolicBP = 130;
S(3,1).DiastolicBP = 92;

A = struct2dataset(S(1:2));
B = struct2dataset(S(2:3));

The intersection of A and B is the second observation, with last name BROWN.

Return the set difference of A and B.

[C,iA] = setdiff(A,B)
C = 

    Name           Gender     SystolicBP    DiastolicBP
    'CLARK'        'M'        124           93         


iA =

     1     

The first observation in A is not present in B.

See Also

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