prob.BinomialDistribution class

Package: prob
Superclasses: prob.ToolboxFittableParametricDistribution

Binomial probability distribution object

Description

prob.BinomialDistribution is an object consisting of parameters, a model description, and sample data for a binomial probability distribution.

Create a probability distribution object with specified parameter values using makedist. Alternatively, fit a distribution to data using fitdist or the Distribution Fitting app.

Construction

pd = makedist('Binomial') creates a binomial probability distribution object using the default parameter values.

pd = makedist('Binomial','N',n,'p',p) creates a binomial probability distribution object using the specified parameter values.

Input Arguments

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n — Number of trials1 (default) | positive integer value

Number of trials for the binomial distribution, specified as a positive integer value.

Data Types: single | double

p — Probability of success0.5 (default) | positive scalar value in the range [0,1]

Probability of success of any individual trial for the binomial distribution, specified as a positive scalar value in the range [0,1].

Data Types: single | double

Properties

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NNumber of trialspositive integer value

Number of trials for the binomial distribution, stored as a positive integer value.

Data Types: single | double

pProbability of successpositive scalar value in the range [0,1]

Probability of success of any individual trial for the binomial distribution, stored as a positive scalar value in the range [0,1].

Data Types: single | double

DistributionNameProbability distribution nameprobability distribution name string

Probability distribution name, stored as a valid probability distribution name string. This property is read-only.

Data Types: char

InputDataData used for distribution fittingstructure

Data used for distribution fitting, stored as a structure containing the following:

  • data: Data vector used for distribution fitting.

  • cens: Censoring vector, or empty if none.

  • freq: Frequency vector, or empty if none.

This property is read-only.

Data Types: struct

IsTruncatedLogical flag for truncated distribution0 | 1

Logical flag for truncated distribution, stored as a logical value. If IsTruncated equals 0, the distribution is not truncated. If IsTruncated equals 1, the distribution is truncated. This property is read-only.

Data Types: logical

NumParametersNumber of parameterspositive integer value

Number of parameters for the probability distribution, stored as a positive integer value. This property is read-only.

Data Types: single | double

ParameterCovarianceCovariance matrix of the parameter estimatesmatrix of scalar values

Covariance matrix of the parameter estimates, stored as a p-by-p matrix, where p is the number of parameters in the distribution. The (i,j) element is the covariance between the estimates of the ith parameter and the jth parameter. The (i,i) element is the estimated variance of the ith parameter. If parameter i is fixed rather than estimated by fitting the distribution to data, then the (i,i) elements of the covariance matrix are 0. This property is read-only.

Data Types: single | double

ParameterDescriptionDistribution parameter descriptionscell array of strings

Distribution parameter descriptions, stored as a cell array of strings. Each cell contains a short description of one distribution parameter. This property is read-only.

Data Types: char

ParameterIsFixedLogical flag for fixed parametersarray of logical values

Logical flag for fixed parameters, stored as an array of logical values. If 0, the corresponding parameter in the ParameterNames array is not fixed. If 1, the corresponding parameter in the ParameterNames array is fixed. This property is read-only.

Data Types: logical

ParameterNamesDistribution parameter namescell array of strings

Distribution parameter names, stored as a cell array of strings. This property is read-only.

Data Types: char

ParameterValuesDistribution parameter valuesvector of scalar values

Distribution parameter values, stored as a vector. This property is read-only.

Data Types: single | double

TruncationTruncation intervalvector of scalar values

Truncation interval for the probability distribution, stored as a vector containing the lower and upper truncation boundaries. This property is read-only.

Data Types: single | double

Methods

Inherited Methods

cdf Cumulative distribution function of probability distribution object
icdfInverse cumulative distribution function of probability distribution object
iqrInterquartile range of probability distribution object
median Median of probability distribution object
pdfProbability density function of probability distribution object
randomGenerate random numbers from probability distribution object
truncateTruncate probability distribution object
meanMean of probability distribution object
negloglikNegative loglikelihood of probability distribution object
paramciConfidence intervals for probability distribution parameters
proflikProfile likelihood function for probability distribution object
std Standard deviation of probability distribution object
varVariance of probability distribution object

Definitions

Binomial Distribution

The binomial distribution models the total number of successes in repeated trials from an infinite population under the following conditions:

  • Only two outcomes are possible for each of n trials.

  • The probability of success for each trial is constant.

  • All trials are independent of each other.

The binomial distribution uses the following parameters.

ParameterDescriptionSupport
NNumber of trialspositive integer
pProbability of success0p1

The probability density function (pdf) is

f(x|n,p)=(nx)px(1p)nx;x=0,1,2,...,n,

where x is the number of successes in n trials of a Bernoulli process with probability of success p.

Examples

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Create a Binomial Distribution Object Using Default Parameters

Create a binomial distribution object using the default parameter values.

pd = makedist('Binomial')
pd = 

  BinomialDistribution

  Binomial distribution
    N =   1
    p = 0.5

Create a Binomial Distribution Object Using Specified Parameters

Create a binomial distribution object by specifying the parameter values.

pd = makedist('Binomial','N',30,'p',0.25)
pd = 

  BinomialDistribution

  Binomial distribution
    N =   30
    p = 0.25

Compute the mean of the distribution.

m = mean(pd)
m =

    7.5000
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