Capture video from USB camera using V4L2
Capture live video from a USB video camera, using the V4L2 (Video for Linux Two API) driver framework. The output is in row major format. During simulation, the model outputs a moving colorbar image.
The Ubuntu Linux image used on the target hardware supports video capture from USB cameras listed as Universal Video Class (UVC). In addition to being a UVC class camera, the camera itself must support data acquisition in YUYV mode.
Logitech QuickCam Pro 9000
Logitech QuickCam Pro 3000
Logitech Webcam C600
Logitech HD Webcam C310
For a list of Logitech webcams that support UVC, see http://logitech-en-amr.custhelp.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/6471. For a list of UVC cameras supported by Ubuntu, see http://www.ideasonboard.org/uvc/.
For Raspberry Pi™ hardware only: To capture video from the Raspberry Pi Camera Board, search Help for "Add Support for Raspberry Pi Camera Board".
For BeagleBoard hardware only: If you connect any USB camera to a USB Host port on the board, the video output contains artifacts that look like small dark scratches. This is a known hardware issue, and is independent of the Linux distribution. To work around this issue, connect the camera to the BeagleBoard's USB OTG port using a "Micro USB OTG to USB 2.0 Adapter". The USB OTG port is labelled "OTG" and is located next to the BeagleBoard's "5V" or "5VDC" connector. This issue is discussed at:
Enter the path and name of the video device. This parameter value defaults to '/dev/video0'.
The Linux kernel creates a video device file when you connect a supported USB video camera to the board. By default, the Linux kernel supports all USB video class (UVC) devices.
To see the list of video device files, open a command line session with the board and enter: ls -al /dev/video*.
Specify the width in pixels and height in lines of the image to capture.
This parameter value defaults to [640, 480].
Select the video format of the video device, RGB or YCbCr 4:2:2.
RGB represents the red, green, and blue components of a pixel using an 8-bit value. RGB color space is device-dependent.
YCbCr 4:2:2 uses three channels to represent color image data for each pixel:
Y is the luma component (essentially a grayscale signal).
Cb is the blue-difference chroma component.
Cr is the red-difference chroma component.
The Cb and Cr components are sampled at half the sample rate of Y. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chroma_subsampling.
This parameter value defaults to YCbCr 4:2:2.
Select the sample time of the video device. This parameter value defaults to 1/10
Smaller values require the processor to complete the same number of instructions in less time, which can cause task overruns.