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arccoth

Inverse of the hyperbolic cotangent function

Use only in the MuPAD Notebook Interface.

This functionality does not run in MATLAB.

Syntax

arccoth(x)

Description

arccoth(x) represents the inverse of the hyperbolic cotangent function.

arccoth is defined for complex arguments.

Floating-point values are returned for floating-point arguments. Floating-point intervals are returned for floating-point interval arguments. Unevaluated function calls are returned for most exact arguments.

The following special value is implemented:

arccoth

The inverse hyperbolic cotangent function is multivalued. The MuPAD® implementation returns values on the main branch defined by the following restriction of the imaginary part. For any finite complex x,

.

The inverse hyperbolic cotangent function is implemented according to the following relation to the logarithm function: arccoth(x) = arctanh(1/x). See Example 2.

Consequently, the branch cut is the real interval [-1, 1].

The values jump when the argument crosses a branch cut. See Example 3.

arccoth is defined by arccoth(x) = arctanh(1/x). However, MuPAD does not automatically rewrite it in terms of arctanh.

The float attributes are kernel functions, and floating-point evaluation is fast.

Environment Interactions

When called with a floating-point argument, arccoth is sensitive to the environment variable DIGITS which determines the numerical working precision.

Examples

Example 1

We demonstrate some calls with exact and symbolic input data:

arcsinh(1), arccosh(1/sqrt(3)), arctanh(5 + I), arccsch(1/3), 
arcsech(I), arccoth(2)

arcsinh(-x), arccosh(x + 1), arctanh(1/x)

Floating-point values are computed for floating-point arguments:

arcsinh(0.1234), arccosh(5.6 + 7.8*I), arccoth(1.0/10^20)

Floating-point intervals are returned for arguments of this type:

arccoth(0.5 ... 1.5), arcsinh(0.1234...0.12345)

The inverse of the hyperbolic tangent function has real values only in the interval (- 1, 1):

arctanh(-1/2...0), arctanh(2...3)

Example 2

The inverse hyperbolic functions can be rewritten in terms of the logarithm function:

rewrite(arcsinh(x), ln), rewrite(arctanh(x), ln)

Example 3

The values jump when crossing a branch cut:

arctanh(2.0 + I/10^10), arctanh(2.0 - I/10^10)

On the branch cut, the values of arctanh coincide with the limit "from below" for real arguments x > 1. The values coincide with the limit "from above" for real x < - 1:

arctanh(1.2), arctanh(1.2 - I/10^10), arctanh(1.2 + I/10^10)

arctanh(-1.2), arctanh(-1.2 + I/10^10), arctanh(-1.2 - I/10^10)

Example 4

Various system functions such as diff, float, limit, or series handle expressions involving the inverse hyperbolic functions:

diff(arcsinh(x^2), x), float(arccosh(3)*arctanh(5 + I))

limit(arcsinh(x)/arctanh(x), x = 0)

series(arctanh(sinh(x)) - arcsinh(tanh(x)), x = 0, 10)

Return Values

Arithmetical expression or floating-point interval

Overloaded By

x

See Also

MuPAD Functions

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