Extended Euclidean algorithm for polynomials
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gcdex(p, q, x) regards
univariate polynomials in
x and returns their greatest
common divisor as a linear combination of
gcdex(p, q, x) returns a sequence g, s, t with
three elements, where the polynomial g is
the greatest common divisor of p and q.
The polynomials s and t satisfy g = s p + t q and deg(s)
< deg(q), deg(t)
These data are computed by the extended Euclidean algorithm.
gcdex only processes univariate polynomials:
If the indeterminate
x is specified,
the input polynomials are regarded as univariate polynomials in
If no indeterminate is specified, the indeterminate of the polynomials is searched for internally. An error occurs if more than one indeterminate is found.
x must be specified if polynomial
expressions are used on input.
Polynomial expressions are converted to polynomials. See
poly for details.
returned if an argument cannot be converted to a polynomial.
The returned polynomials are polynomial expressions if the input
consists of polynomial expressions. Otherwise, polynomials of type
The coefficient ring of the polynomials must provide the method
This method must return
FAIL if domain elements cannot be divided.
If the coefficient domain of the polynomial is not a field, then it may not be possible to represent a greatest common divisor as a linear combination of the input polynomials. In such a case, an error is raised.
The greatest common divisor of two univariate polynomials in extended form can be computed as follows:
gcdex(poly(x^3 + 1), poly(x^2 + 2*x + 1))
For multivariate polynomials, an indeterminate must be specified:
gcdex(poly(x^2*y), poly(x + y), x)
gcdex(poly(x^2*y), poly(x + y), y)
gcdex(x^3 + a, x^2 + 1, x)
Sequence of three polynomials, or a sequence of three polynomial