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linalg::sylvester

Sylvester matrix of two polynomials

Use only in the MuPAD Notebook Interface.

This functionality does not run in MATLAB.

Syntax

linalg::sylvester(p, q)
linalg::sylvester(f, g, x)

Description

linalg::sylvester(p, q) returns the Sylvester matrix of the two polynomials p and q.

If no variable is specified, then the polynomials p and q must be either of the domain DOM_POLY or from a domain of category Cat::Polynomial. Polynomial expressions are not allowed.

If the polynomials p and q are of the domain DOM_POLY, then they must be univariate polynomials. The component ring of the Sylvester matrix is the common coefficient ring R of p and q, except in the following two cases for built-in coefficient rings: If R is Expr then the domain Dom::ExpressionField() is the component ring of the Sylvester matrix. If R is IntMod(m), then the Sylvester matrix is defined over the ring Dom::IntegerMod(m) (see Example 2).

Otherwise, if the polynomials p and q are from a domain of category Cat::Polynomial, then the Sylvester matrix is computed with respect to the main variable of p and q (see the method "mainvar" of the category Cat::Polynomial). In the case of univariate polynomials the Sylvester matrix is defined over the common coefficient ring of p and q. In the case of multivariate polynomials, the Sylvester matrix is defined over the component ring Dom::DistributedPolynomial(ind, R), where ind is the list of all variables of p and q except x, and R is the common coefficient ring of the polynomials.

If f and g are polynomial expressions or multivariate polynomials of type DOM_POLY, then you must specifiy the variable x.

In the case of polynomial expressions, the component ring of the Sylvester matrix is the domain Dom::ExpressionField() (see Example 3).

In the case of multivariate polynomials the Sylvester matrix is defined over the component ring Dom::DistributedPolynomial(ind, R), where ind is the list of all variables of f and g except x, and R is the common coefficient ring of the polynomials (see Example 4).

At least one of the input polynomials must have positive degree with respect to the main variable or x, respectively, but it is not necessary that both of them have positive degree.

Examples

Example 1

The Sylvester matrix of the two polynomials p = x2 + 2 x - 1 and q = x4 + 1 over is the following 6×6 matrix:

delete x: Z := Dom::Integer:
S := linalg::sylvester(poly(x^2 + 2*x - 1, Z), poly(x^4 + 1, Z))

Example 2

If the polynomials have the built-in coefficient ring IntMod(m), then the Sylvester matrix is defined over the domain Dom::IntegerMod(m):

delete x: 
S:= linalg::sylvester( 
  poly(x + 1, IntMod(7)), poly(x^2 - 2*x + 2, IntMod(7)) 
)

domtype(S)

Example 3

The Sylvester matrix of the following two polynomial expressions with respect to the variable x is:

delete x, y: 
S := linalg::sylvester(x + y^2, 2*x^3 - 1, x)

domtype(S)

The Sylvester matrix of these two polynomials with respect to y is the following 2×2 matrix:

linalg::sylvester(x + y^2, 2*x^3 - 1, y)

Example 4

Here is an example for computing the Sylvester matrix of multivariate polynomials:

delete x, y: Q := Dom::Rational:
T := linalg::sylvester(poly(x^2 - x + y, Q), poly(x + 2, Q), x)

domtype( T )

The Sylvester matrix of these two multivariate polynomials with respect to y is:

linalg::sylvester(poly(x^2 - x + y, Q), poly(x + 2, Q), y)

Parameters

p, q

Polynomials

f, g

Polynomials or polynomial expressions of positive degree

x

A variable

Return Values

Matrix of the domain Dom::Matrix(R), where R is the coefficient domain of the polynomials (see below).

See Also

MuPAD Functions

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