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numlib::order

Order of a residue class

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Syntax

numlib::order(a, m)

Description

numlib::order(a,m) returns the order of the residue class modulo m of a in the group of units modulo m if a and m are coprime.

numlib::order(a,m) returns the function call with its arguments evaluated if a or m is not a number.

numlib::order returns an error if one of the arguments evaluates to a number of wrong type.

Examples

Example 1

We compute the order of the residue class of 23 in the unit group modulo 2161:

numlib::order(23, 2161)

Example 2

We compute the order of all elements in the unit group modulo 13:

map([$ 1..12],numlib::order,13)

Example 3

The residue class of 7 is not a unit in the ring modulo 21:

numlib::order(7,21)

Parameters

a

An integer

m

A natural number

Return Values

numlib::order(a,m) returns a natural number if a is coprime to m, and FAIL if a is not coprime to m.

Algorithms

numlib::order uses ifactor and numlib::phi.

See Also

MuPAD Functions

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