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Find minimum values in input or sequence of inputs

Statistics

`visionstatistics`

The 2-D Minimum block identifies the value and/or position of the smallest element in each row or column of the input, or along a specified dimension of the input. The 2-D Minimum block can also track the minimum values in a sequence of inputs over a period of time.

The 2-D Minimum block supports real and complex floating-point,
fixed-point, and Boolean inputs. Real fixed-point inputs can be either
signed or unsigned, while complex fixed-point inputs must be signed.
The output data type of the minimum values match the data type of
the input. The block outputs `double`

index
values, when the input is `double`

, and `uint32`

otherwise.

Port | Input/Output | Supported Data Types | Complex Values Supported |
---|---|---|---|

Input | Scalar, vector or matrix of intensity values | Double-precision floating point Single-precision floating point Fixed point 8-, 16-, 32-bit signed integer 8-, 16-, 32-bit unsigned integer
| Yes |

Rst | Scalar value | Boolean | No |

Val | Minimum value output based on the Value Mode | Same as Input port | Yes |

Idx | One-based output location of the minimum value based on the Index Mode | Same as Input port | No |

Length-*M* 1-D vector inputs
are treated as *M*-by-1 column vectors.

When you set the **Mode** parameter to `Value`

,
the block computes the minimum value in each row, column, entire input,
or over a specified dimension. The block outputs each element as
the minimum value in the corresponding column, row, vector, or entire
input. The output depends on the setting of the **Find the
minimum value over** parameter. For example, consider a 3-dimensional
input signal of size *M*-by-*N*-by-*P*:

`Each row`

— The output at each sample time consists of an*M*-by-1-by-*P*array, where each element contains the minimum value of each vector over the second dimension of the input. For an*M*-by-*N*input matrix, the block outputs an*M*-by-1 column vector at each sample time.`Each column`

— The output at each sample time consists of a 1-by-*N*-by-*P*array, where each element contains the minimum value of each vector over the first dimension of the input. For an*M*-by-*N*input matrix, the block outputs a 1-by-*N*row vector at each sample time.In this mode, the block treats length-

*M*unoriented vector inputs as*M*-by-1 column vectors.`Entire input`

— The output at each sample time is a scalar that contains the minimum value in the*M*-by-*N*-by-*P*input matrix.`Specified dimension`

— The output at each sample time depends on**Dimension**. When you set**Dimension**to`1`

, the block output is the same as when you select`Each column`

. When you set**Dimension**to`2`

, the block output is the same as when you select`Each row`

. When you set**Dimension**to`3`

, the block outputs an*M*-by-*N*matrix containing the minimum value of each vector over the third dimension of the input, at each sample time.

For complex inputs, the block selects the value in each row or column of the input, along vectors of a specified dimension of the input, or of the entire input that has the minimum magnitude squared as shown below. For complex value $$u=a+bi$$, the magnitude squared is $${a}^{2}+{b}^{2}$$.

When you set the **Mode** parameter to `Index`

,
the block computes the minimum value in each row or column of the
input, along vectors of a specified dimension of the input, or of
the entire input, and outputs the index array *I*.
Each element in *I* is an integer indexing the minimum
value in the corresponding column, row, vector, or entire input. The
output *I* depends on the setting of the **Find
the minimum value over** parameter. For example, consider
a 3-dimensional input signal of size *M*-by-*N*-by-*P*:

`Each row`

— The output at each sample time consists of an*M*-by-1-by-*P*array, where each element contains the index of the minimum value of each vector over the second dimension of the input. For an input that is an*M*-by-*N*matrix, the output at each sample time is an*M*-by-1 column vector.`Each column`

— The output at each sample time consists of a 1-by-*N*-by-*P*array, where each element contains the index of the minimum value of each vector over the first dimension of the input. For an input that is an*M*-by-*N*matrix, the output at each sample time is a 1-by-*N*row vector.In this mode, the block treats length-

*M*unoriented vector inputs as*M*-by-1 column vectors.`Entire input`

— The output at each sample time is a 1-by-3 vector that contains the location of the minimum value in the*M*-by-*N*-by-*P*input matrix. For an input that is an*M*-by-*N*matrix, the output will be a 1-by-2 vector of one-based [x y] location coordinates for the minimum value.`Specified dimension`

— The output at each sample time depends on**Dimension**. If**Dimension**is set to 1, the output is the same as when you select`Each column`

. If**Dimension**is set to 2, the output is the same as when you select`Each row`

. If**Dimension**is set to 3, the output at each sample time is an*M*-by-*N*matrix containing the indices of the minimum values of each vector over the third dimension of the input.

When a minimum value occurs more than once, the computed index
corresponds to the first occurrence. For example, when the input is
the column vector `[-1 2 3 2 -1]'`

, the computed
one-based index of the minimum value is `1`

rather
than `5`

when `Each column`

is
selected.

When you set the **Mode** parameter to ```
Value
and Index
```

, the block outputs both the minima, and the
indices.

When you set the **Mode** parameter to `Running`

,
the block tracks the minimum value of each channel in a time sequence
of *M*-by-*N* inputs. In this mode,
the block treats each element as a channel.

The block resets the running minimum whenever a reset event is detected at the optional Rst port. The reset sample time must be a positive integer multiple of the input sample time.

You specify the reset event by the **Reset port** parameter:

`None`

— Disables the Rst port`Rising edge`

— Triggers a reset operation when the Rst input does one of the following:Rises from a negative value to a positive value or zero

Rises from zero to a positive value, where the rise is not a continuation of a rise from a negative value to zero (see the following figure)

`Falling edge`

— Triggers a reset operation when the`Rst`

input does one of the following:Falls from a positive value to a negative value or zero

Falls from zero to a negative value, where the fall is not a continuation of a fall from a positive value to zero (see the following figure)

`Either edge`

— Triggers a reset operation when the`Rst`

input is a`Rising edge`

or`Falling edge`

(as described above)`Non-zero sample`

— Triggers a reset operation at each sample time that the`Rst`

input is not zero

When running simulations in the Simulink^{®} `MultiTasking`

mode,
reset signals have a one-sample latency. Therefore, when the block
detects a reset event, there is a one-sample delay at the reset port
rate before the block applies the reset.

To calculate the statistical value within a particular region
of interest (ROI) of the input, select the **Enable ROI processing** check
box. This applies to any mode other than the running mode and when
you set the **Find the minimum value over** parameter
to `Entire input`

and you select the **Enable
ROI processing** check box. ROI processing applies only for
2-D inputs.

You can specify a rectangle, line, label matrix, or binary mask ROI type.

Use the binary mask to specify which pixels to highlight or select.

Use the label matrix to label regions. Pixels set to `0`

represent
the background. Pixels set to `1`

represent the first
object, pixels set to `2`

, represent the second object,
and so on. Use the **Label Numbers** port to specify
the objects in the label matrix for which the block calculates statistics.
The input to this port must be a vector of scalar values that correspond
to the labeled regions in the label matrix.

For rectangular ROIs, use the **ROI portion to process** parameter
to specify whether to calculate the statistical value for the entire
ROI or just the ROI perimeter. For more information about the format
of the input to the ROI port when you set the ROI to a rectangle or
a line, see the Draw Shapes block
reference page.

**Output = Individual statistics for each ROI**

Flag Port Output | Description |
---|---|

0 | ROI is completely outside the input image. |

1 | ROI is completely or partially inside the input image. |

**Output = Single statistic for all ROIs**

Flag Port Output | Description |
---|---|

0 | All ROIs are completely outside the input image. |

1 | At least one ROI is completely or partially inside the input image. |

**Output = Individual statistics for each ROI**

Flag Port Output | Description |
---|---|

0 | Label number is not in the label matrix. |

1 | Label number is in the label matrix. |

**Output = Single statistic for all ROIs**

Flag Port Output | Description |
---|---|

0 | None of the label numbers are in the label matrix. |

1 | At least one of the label numbers is in the label matrix. |

The parameters on the **Fixed-point** pane
of the dialog box are only used for complex fixed-point inputs. The
sum of the squares of the real and imaginary parts of such an input
are formed before a comparison is made, as described in Value Mode. The results of the squares
of the real and imaginary parts are placed into the product output
data type. The result of the sum of the squares is placed into the
accumulator data type. These parameters are ignored for other types
of inputs.

**Mode**Specify the block's mode of operation:

`Value and Index`

— Output both the value and the index location.`Value`

— Output the minimum value of each input matrix. For more information, see Value Mode`Index`

— Output the one-based index location of the minimum value. For more information, see Index Mode`Running`

— Track the minimum value of the input sequence over time. For more information, see Running Mode.

For the

`Value`

,`Index`

, and`Value and Index`

modes, the 2-D Minimum block produces identical results as the MATLAB^{®}`min`

function when it is called as`[y I] = min(u,[],D)`

, where*u*and*y*are the input and output, respectively,*D*is the dimension, and*I*is the index.**Find the minimum value over**Specify whether the block should find the minimum of the entire input each row, each column, or dimensions specified by the

**Dimension**parameter.**Reset port**Specify the reset event that causes the block to reset the running minimum. The rate of the reset signal must be a positive integer multiple of the rate of the data signal input. This parameter appears only when you set the

**Mode**parameter to`Running`

. For information about the possible values of this parameter, see Resetting the Running Minimum.**Dimension**Specify the dimension (one-based value) of the input signal, over which the minimum is computed. The value of this parameter cannot exceed the number of dimensions in the input signal. This parameter applies only when you set the

**Find the minimum value over**parameter to`Specified dimension`

.**Enable ROI processing**Select this check box to calculate the statistical value within a particular region of each image. This parameter applies only when you set the

**Find the minimum value over**parameter to`Entire input`

, and the block is not in running mode.**ROI type**Specify the type of ROI you want to use. Your choices are

`Rectangles`

,`Lines`

,`Label matrix`

, or`Binary mask`

.When you set this parameter to

`Rectangles`

or`Lines`

, the**Output flag indicating if ROI is within image bounds**check box appears in the dialog box. If you select this check box, the**Flag**port appears on the block.When you set this parameter to

`Label matrix`

, the**Label**and**Label Numbers**ports appear on the block and the**Output flag indicating if input label numbers are valid**check box appears in the dialog box. If you select this check box, the Flag port appears on the block.See Output = Individual statistics for each ROI for details.

**ROI portion to process**Specify whether you want to calculate the statistical value for the entire ROI or just the ROI perimeter. This parameter applies only when you set the

**ROI type**parameter to`Rectangles`

.**Output**Specify the block output. The block can output a vector of separate statistical values for each ROI or a scalar value that represents the statistical value for all the specified ROIs. This parameter does not apply when you set the

**ROI type**parameter, to`Binary mask`

.**Output flag indicating if ROI is within image bounds**When you select this check box, the

**Flag**port appears on the block. This check box applies only when you set the**ROI type**parameter to`Rectangles`

or`Lines`

. For a description of the**Flag**port output, see the tables in ROI Processing.**Output flag indicating if label numbers are valid**When you select this check box, the

**Flag**port appears on the block. This check box applies only when you set the**ROI type**parameter to`Label matrix`

. For a description of the**Flag**port output, see the tables in ROI Processing.

The parameters on the **Data Types** pane
are only used for complex fixed-point inputs. The sum of the squares
of the real and imaginary parts of such an input are formed before
a comparison is made, as described in Value Mode. The results of the squares of the real and imaginary
parts are placed into the product output data type. The result of
the sum of the squares is placed into the accumulator data type. These
parameters are ignored for other types of inputs.

**Rounding mode**Select the Rounding Modes for fixed-point operations.

**Saturate on integer overflow**Select the overflow mode for fixed-point operations. See Precision and Range.

**Product output data type**Specify the product output data type. See Fixed-Point Data Types and Multiplication Data Types for illustrations depicting the use of the product output data type in this block. You can set it to:

A rule that inherits a data type, for example,

`Inherit: Same as input`

An expression that evaluates to a valid data type, for example,

`fixdt([],16,0)`

Click the

**Show data type assistant**button to display the**Data Type Assistant**, which helps you set the**Product output data type**parameter.See Specify Data Types Using Data Type Assistant (Simulink) for more information.

**Accumulator data type**Specify the accumulator data type. See Fixed-Point Data Types for illustrations depicting the use of the accumulator data type in this block. You can set this parameter to:

A rule that inherits a data type, for example,

`Inherit: Same as input`

An expression that evaluates to a valid data type, for example,

`fixdt([],16,0)`

Click the

**Show data type assistant**button to display the**Data Type Assistant**, which helps you set the**Accumulator data type**parameter.See Specify Data Types Using Data Type Assistant (Simulink) for more information.

The ex_vision_2dminimum example finds the minimum value within two ROIs. The model outputs the minimum values and their one-based [x y] coordinate locations.

2-D Maximum | Computer Vision System Toolbox™ |

2-D Mean | Computer Vision System Toolbox |

MinMax | Simulink |

2D-Histogram | Computer Vision System Toolbox |

`min` | MATLAB |