Documentation

insertObjectAnnotation

Annotate truecolor or grayscale image or video stream

Syntax

  • RGB = insertObjectAnnotation(I,shape,position,label)
    example
  • RGB = insertObjectAnnotation(I,shape,position,label,Name,Value)
    example
  • insertObjectAnnotation(I,'rectangle',position,label)
    example
  • insertObjectAnnotation(I,'circle',position,label)

Description

example

RGB = insertObjectAnnotation(I,shape,position,label) returns a truecolor image annotated with shape and label at the location specified by position.

example

RGB = insertObjectAnnotation(I,shape,position,label,Name,Value) uses additional options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments.

example

insertObjectAnnotation(I,'rectangle',position,label) inserts rectangles and labels at the location indicated by the position matrix.

insertObjectAnnotation(I,'circle',position,label) inserts circles and corresponding labels at the location indicated by the position matrix.

Code Generation Support:
Supports Code Generation: Yes
Limitation: Input image must be bounded, see Specify Variable-Size Data Without Dynamic Memory Allocation
Code Generation Support, Usage Notes, and Limitations

Examples

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Annotate Image with Numbers and Strings

Read image.

I = imread('board.tif');

Create labels of floating point numbers. The floating point numbers relate to confidence value labels.

label_str = cell(3,1);
conf_val = [85.212 98.76 78.342];
for ii=1:3
    label_str{ii} = ['Confidence: ' num2str(conf_val(ii),'%0.2f') '%'];
end

Set the position for the rectangles as [x y width height].

   position = [23 373 60 66;35 185 77 81;77 107 59 26];

Insert the labels.

RGB = insertObjectAnnotation(I,'rectangle',position,label_str,'TextBoxOpacity',0.9,'FontSize',18);

Display the annotated image.

figure
imshow(RGB)
title('Annotated chips');

Annotate Image with Integer Numbers

Read image.

I = imread('coins.png');

Set positions for the circles. The first two values represents the center at (x,y) and the third value is the radius.

position = [96 146 31;236 173 26];

Set the label to display the integers 5 and 10 (U.S. cents).

label = [5 10];

Insert the annotations.

RGB = insertObjectAnnotation(I,'circle',position,label,'LineWidth',3,'Color',{'cyan','yellow'},'TextColor','black');

Display.

figure
imshow(RGB)
title('Annotated coins');

Input Arguments

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I — Truecolor or grayscale imageM-by-N-by-3 truecolor | M-by-N 2-D grayscale image

Truecolor or grayscale image, specified as an image or video stream. The input image can be either an M-by-N-by-3 truecolor or a M-by-N 2-D grayscale image.

Data Types: double | single | uint8 | uint16 | int16

shape — Rectangle or circle annotationrectangle' | ‘circle'

Rectangle or circle annotation, specified as a string indicating the annotation shape.

Data Types: char

position — Location and size of the annotation shapeM-by-3 matrix | M-by-4 matrix

Location and size of the annotation shape, specified as an M-by-3 or M-by-4 matrix. When you specify a rectangle, the position input matrix must be an M-by-4 matrix. Each row, M, specifies a rectangle as a four-element vector, [x y width height]. The elements, x and y, indicate the upper-left corner of the rectangle, and the width and height specify the size.

When you specify a circle, the position input matrix must be an M-by-3 matrix, where each row, M, specifies a three-element vector [x y r]. The elements, x and y, indicate the center of the circle and r specifies the radius.

Example: position = [50 120 75 75]

A rectangle with top-left corner located at x=50, y=120, with a width and height of 75 pixels.

Example: position = [96 146 31]

A circle with center located at x=96, y=146 and a radius of 31 pixels.

Example: position = [23 373 60 66;35 185 77 81;77 107 59 26]

Location and size for three rectangles.

label — A string label to associate with a shapenumeric scalar | numeric vector | ASCII string | cell array of ASCII strings

A string label to associate with a shape, specified as a numeric vector or a cell array. The input can be a numeric vector of length M. It can also be a cell array of ASCII strings of length M, where M is the number of shape positions. You can also specify a single numeric scalar or string label for all shapes.

Example: label = [5 10], where the function marks the first shape with the label, 5, and the second shape with the label, 10.

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside single quotes (' '). You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: 'Color', 'white' sets the color for the label text box to white.

'Font' — Font face of text'LucidaSansRegular' (default) | string

Font face of text, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Font' and a string. The font face must be one of the available truetype fonts installed on your system. To get a list of available fonts on your system, type listTrueTypeFonts at the MATLAB® command prompt.

Data Types: char

'FontSize' — Label text font size12 (default) | integer in the range of [8 72]

Label text font size, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'FontSize' and an integer corresponding to points in the range of [8 72].

Data Types: double | single | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

'LineWidth' — Shape border line width1 (default)

Shape border line width, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'LineWidth' and a positive scalar integer in pixels.

'Color' — Color for shape and corresponding label text box'yellow' (default) | color string | [R G B] vector | cell array | M-by-3 matrix

Color for shape and for corresponding label text box, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Color' and either a string, an [R G B] vector, a cell array, or an M-by-3 matrix.

To specify one color for all shapes, set this parameter to either a string or an [R G B] vector. To specify a color for each of the M shapes, set this parameter to a cell array of M strings. Alternatively, you can specify an M-by-3 matrix of RGB values for each annotation. RGB values must be in the range of the input image data type.

Supported color strings are: 'blue', 'green', 'cyan', 'red', 'magenta', 'black', and 'white'.

Data Types: char | uint8 | uint16 | int16 | double | single | cell

'TextColor' — Color of text in text label'black' (default) | color string | [R G B] vector | cell array | M-by-3 matrix

Color of text in text label, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'TextColor' and either a string, an [R G B] vector, a cell array, or an M-by-3 matrix. To specify one color for all text, set this parameter to either a string or an [R G B] vector. To specify a color for each of the M text labels, set this parameter to a cell array of M strings. Alternatively, you can specify an M-by-3 matrix of RGB values for each annotation. RGB values must be in the range of the input image data type.

Supported color strings are: 'blue', 'green', 'cyan', 'red', 'magenta', 'yellow', and 'white'.

Data Types: char | uint8 | uint16 | int16 | double | single | cell

'TextBoxOpacity' — Opacity of text label box background0.6 (default) | range of [0 1]

Opacity of text label box background, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'TextBoxOpacity' and a scalar defining the opacity of the background of the label text box. Specify this value in the range of 0 to 1.

Data Types: double | single | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Output Arguments

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RGB — Truecolor or grayscale image with annotationM-by-N-by-3 truecolor

Truecolor image with annotation, returned as an image or video stream.

Data Types: double | single | uint8 | uint16 | int16

Introduced in R2012b

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