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vision.Median System object

Find median values in an input


The Median object finds median values in an input.


Starting in R2016b, instead of using the step method to perform the operation defined by the System object™, you can call the object with arguments, as if it were a function. For example, y = step(obj,x) and y = obj(x) perform equivalent operations.


H = vision.Median returns a System object, H, that computes the median of the input or a sequence of inputs.

H = vision.Median(Name,Value) returns a median System object, H, with each specified property set to the specified value. You can specify additional name-value pair arguments in any order as (Name1, Value1,...,NameN,ValueN).



Sort method

Specify the sort method used for calculating the median as Quick sort or Insertion sort.


Dimension with which to operate along

Specify how the calculation is performed over the data as All, Row, Column, or Custom. The default is All


Numerical dimension over which to calculate

Specify the integer dimension of the input signal over which the object calculates the mean. The value of this property cannot exceed the number of dimensions in the input signal. This property only applies when you set the Dimension property to Custom. The default is 1.

 Fixed-Point Properties


stepCompute median of input
Common to All System Objects

Create System object with same property values


Expected number of inputs to a System object


Expected number of outputs of a System object


Check locked states of a System object (logical)


Allow System object property value changes


Determine the median in a grayscale image.

 img = im2single(rgb2gray(imread('peppers.png')));
 hmdn = vision.Median;
 med = step(hmdn,img);


This object implements the algorithm, inputs, and outputs described on the 2-D Median block reference page. The object properties correspond to the block parameters.

Extended Capabilities

Introduced in R2012a