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Generate Multi-User VHT Waveform

This example shows how to generate a multi-user VHT waveform from individual components. It also shows how to generate the same waveform by using the wlanWaveformGenerator function. The data fields from the two approaches are compared and shown to be identical.

Create a VHT configuration object having 3 users and 3 transmit antennas.

vht = wlanVHTConfig('NumUsers',3,'NumTransmitAntennas',3);

Set the number of space-time streams to the vector [1 1 1], which indicates that each user is assigned one space-time stream. Set the user positions to [0 1 2]. Set the group ID to 5. Group ID values from 1 to 62 apply for multi-user operation.

vht.NumSpaceTimeStreams = [1 1 1];
vht.UserPositions = [0 1 2];
vht.GroupID = 5;

Set a different MCS value for each user.

vht.MCS = [0 2 4];

Set the APEP length to 2000, 1400, and 1800 bytes. Each element corresponds to the number of bytes assigned to each user.

vht.APEPLength = [2000 1400 1800]
vht = 

  wlanVHTConfig with properties:

       ChannelBandwidth: 'CBW80'
               NumUsers: 3
          UserPositions: [0 1 2]
    NumTransmitAntennas: 3
    NumSpaceTimeStreams: [1 1 1]
         SpatialMapping: 'Direct'
                    MCS: [0 2 4]
          ChannelCoding: 'BCC'
             APEPLength: [2000 1400 1800]
          GuardInterval: 'Long'
                GroupID: 5

   Read-only properties:
             PSDULength: [2000 6008 12019]

Display the PSDU lengths for the three users. The PSDU length is a function of both the APEP length and the MCS value.

vht.PSDULength
ans =

        2000        6008       12019

Display the field indices for the VHT waveform.

ind = wlanFieldIndices(vht)
ind = 

  struct with fields:

       LSTF: [1 640]
       LLTF: [641 1280]
       LSIG: [1281 1600]
    VHTSIGA: [1601 2240]
     VHTSTF: [2241 2560]
     VHTLTF: [2561 3840]
    VHTSIGB: [3841 4160]
    VHTData: [4161 48000]

Create the individual fields that comprise the VHT waveform.

lstf = wlanLSTF(vht);
lltf = wlanLLTF(vht);
lsig = wlanLSIG(vht);
[vhtsigA,sigAbits] = wlanVHTSIGA(vht);
vhtstf = wlanVHTSTF(vht);
vhtltf = wlanVHTLTF(vht);
[vhtsigB,sigBbits] = wlanVHTSIGB(vht);

Extract the first two VHT-SIG-A information bits and convert them to their decimal equivalent.

bw = bi2de(double(sigAbits(1:2)'))
bw =

     2

The value, 2, corresponds to an 80 MHz bandwidth (see wlanVHTSIGA).

Extract VHT-SIG-A information bits 5 through 10, and convert them to their decimal equivalent.

groupid = bi2de(double(sigAbits(5:10)'))
groupid =

     5

The extracted group ID, 5, matches the corresponding property in the VHT configuration object.

Extract the packet length from the VHT-SIG-B information bits. For multi-user operation with an 80 MHz bandwidth, the first 19 bits contain the APEP length information. Convert the field lengths to their decimal equivalents. Multiply them by 4 because the length of the VHT-SIG-B field is expressed in units of 4 bytes.

pktLen = bi2de(double(sigBbits(1:19,:)'))*4
pktLen =

        2000
        1400
        1800

Confirm that the extracted APEP length matches the value set in the configuration object.

isequal(pktLen',vht.APEPLength)
ans =

  logical

   1

Extract the MCS values from the VHT-SIG-B information bits. The MCS component is specified by bits 20 to 23.

mcs = bi2de(double(sigBbits(20:23,:)'))
mcs =

     0
     2
     4

The values correspond to those set in the VHT configuration object.

Create three data sequences, one for each user.

d1 = randi([0 1],vht.PSDULength(1)*8,1);
d2 = randi([0 1],vht.PSDULength(2)*8,1);
d3 = randi([0 1],vht.PSDULength(3)*8,1);

Generate a VHT data field using these data sequences.

vhtdata = wlanVHTData({d1 d2 d3},vht);

Generate a multi-user VHT waveform with windowing is disabled. Extract the data field from the waveform.

wv = wlanWaveformGenerator({d1 d2 d3},vht,'WindowTransitionTime',0);

wvdata = wv(ind.VHTData(1):ind.VHTData(2),:);

Confirm that the two generation approaches produce identical results.

isequal(vhtdata,wvdata)
ans =

  logical

   1

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