MATLAB Answers

## Inserting a column in a matrix without deleting any column

Asked by joseph Frank

### joseph Frank (view profile)

on 9 Feb 2011
Latest activity Commented on by Sarah

### Sarah (view profile)

on 1 Sep 2016
Accepted Answer by Martijn

### Martijn (view profile)

Hi,

I am wondering of there is a function that enables me to insert a column in a matrix (similar to insert column in excel) without replacing any existing column. For example I have Matrix "A" which is 4x4 and I want to insert a vector "B" after the second column of "A" in order to obtain "A" 4x5 where the 3rd column of "A" is vector "B"

## 2 Answers

### Martijn (view profile)

Answer by Martijn

### Martijn (view profile)

on 9 Feb 2011
Accepted answer

Suppose you have:

```>> A=reshape(1:16,4,4)
```
```A =
```
```       1     5     9    13
2     6    10    14
3     7    11    15
4     8    12    16```
```>> B=(17:20)'
```
```B =
```
```      17
18
19
20```

Then you could obtain the desired matrix C by:

```>> C = [A(:,1:2) B A(:,3:4)]
```
```C =
```
```       1     5    17     9    13
2     6    18    10    14
3     7    19    11    15
4     8    20    12    16```

So you take the first two columns of A concatenate the column B and then concatenate the last two columns of A.

You can generalize this a bit into:

```>> D = [A(:,1:N) B A(:,N+1:end)]
```

Where N then stands for "insert B after the Nth column".

#### 1 Comment

Rodrigo Montefusco-Siegmund

on 6 Sep 2012

thanks!

Answer by Izi

### Izi (view profile)

on 19 Dec 2012

What about inserting a column which dimensions are not consistent?

Sarah

### Sarah (view profile)

on 1 Sep 2016

In MATLAB, a matrix must have internally consistent dimensions. To insert a column like in the example above, you would have to make sure (one way or another) that it had the same number of rows as the rest of the matrix. You would either have to pad it by adding zeros, NaNs, or some distinct number (e.g., -99999) to make up the length if it was too short, or you'd have to effectively pad the matrix if the column was too long.

I suppose you could also create a column of the appropriate length and interpolate so that the resolution of your new column matched that of the matrix-- there's a function in the Image Processing toolbox (imresize) that lets you specify the size you'd like a 2D matrix to be and appropriately re-grids some input dataset. I can't think of why this wouldn't work for a single column vector.

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