## Can my integration code for an accelerometer data work for a Square wave?

on 11 May 2012

### Dr. Seis (view profile)

I have a code written to integrate an accelerometer data to displacement. this code integrates the signal.

The code includes a butterworth high pass filter and the "cumtrapz" integration code.

Applying the code to a square wave, the wave becomes distorted. Does it mean my code is not good enough or the square wave will always be distorted by the filter.

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### Dr. Seis (view profile)

on 11 May 2012

Instead of trying to convert using your code, try mine located here:

Say your acceleration data is called "square_acceleration_data", then (once you save my iomega.m file in a location Matlab can find it, like your Matlab home directory) you would produce your displacements like this:

```square_displacement_data = iomega(square_acceleration_data,dt,3,1);
```

where "dt" is equal to your time increment (i.e., 1/Fs or 1 over your sampling frequency).

Example:

kunle

### kunle (view profile)

on 14 May 2012

Thanks Elige and Walter for your responses. Elige, thanks for you iomega.m program but it only works for my square wave. When I apply it to the acceleration data, it gives a 'U' shaped curve which shouldn't be.

Dr. Seis

### Dr. Seis (view profile)

on 14 May 2012

Can you post a picture of the acceleration data with the resulting displacement data? It might be necessary to run a high-pass filter on the acceleration data to avoid introducing low-frequency noise into the displacement data.

### Walter Roberson (view profile)

on 11 May 2012

It could mean both, but Yes, a square wave will always be distorted by any frequency filter.

square waves (and all other kinds of waves with straight edges... other than the constant signal of course) require infinite signal bandwidth to represent properly. Remove any frequency from that bandwidth (by way of filtering) and the square wave will be distorted. You often get "overshoot" on the leading and trailing edges as well.

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