MATLAB Answers

C Zeng

Ask about break function

Asked by C Zeng
on 6 Jun 2012
Accepted Answer by Thomas

Hi, I am writing code to break out of loop. I have several loops, including nested loops. If I use break in a if command, it will jump out of all loops, or the very nearest loop(say only one loop)?

For example:

for i=1:10
     for j=1:10
        f(x)=...
        if f(x)>10 ...
        elseif f(x)<5 break;
        ....
        end
     end
end

If f(x)<5 for some i=2 and j=3; then break will jump out of loop, go to i=3, j=1 or i=2 j=4?

Thanks.

  2 Comments

Geoff
on 10 Jun 2012

In your last comment, I don't understand why you ask if (i,j) might go from (2,3) to (2,4) after a break with j as the inner loop. That would not be breaking at all. If you want that behaviour, use 'continue' to continue immediately from the next iteration. If you want to break out of BOTH loops from the inner loop, you need to set a flag, check it after the inner loop, and break again from there. Or use while-loops

C Zeng
on 12 Jun 2012

Thank you, you are right! break make the loop of j ending, and start from a new i and j, right?

continue means do nothing in the loop and go to next loop?

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1 Answer

Answer by Thomas
on 6 Jun 2012
 Accepted answer

I think only the loop in which the break occurs is broken out of..

try

for ii=1:5
    ii
    for jj=1:6
        jj
        if ii==3 && jj==4
            disp('broken here')
            break;
          end
      end
  end

  5 Comments

Thomas
on 12 Jun 2012

yes cos the break is the jj loop it will end count of jj and got to the next ii which is 4 and restartat jj which y it gets (ii,jj)=(4,1);

C Zeng
on 12 Jun 2012

Oh, thanks! I got it.

Tomas
on 26 Mar 2013

if you wanted to break both fors this should work. adding a flag like geof said.

flag=0;
for ii=1:5
    ii
    if flag==1
       break
    end
    for jj=1:6
        jj
        if ii==3 && jj==4
            disp('broken here')
            flag=1;
            break;
            end
        end
    end

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