MATLAB and Simulink resources for Arduino, LEGO, and Raspberry Pi

# Program does 5 calculations instead of one.

Asked by Kokalz on 20 Jul 2012

Hi Guys! I have written a simple script, that's supposed to do some loop calculations. Here's the script:

```a=3;
initialVelocity = 38.8889;
brakeMass = 14;
velocity = (initialVelocity:a:54.72);
coolingCoef = (85+0.0017*velocity.^2);
A=0.4;
time=(velocity-initialVelocity)/a;
```
```temperature = zeros(1,6);
temperature(1)=900;
for x=2:length(temperature)
dissipatedHeat = coolingCoef.*(temperature(x-1))
energy = dissipatedHeat.*time;
specificHeatCapacity = 457+0.14219*temperature(x-1);
temperatureDrop = energy/(brakeMass*specificHeatCapacity);
temperature(x)=temperature(x-1)-temperatureDrop(x);
end
```

When I run the proram it gives me series of answers. Like this:

```dissipatedHeat =
1.0e+04 *
7.8814    7.9185    7.9583    8.0009    8.0462    8.0943
```
```dissipatedHeat =
1.0e+04 *
7.7967    7.8334    7.8728    7.9149    7.9598    8.0074
```
```dissipatedHeat =
1.0e+04 *
7.6280    7.6638    7.7024    7.7436    7.7875    7.8340
```
``` dissipatedHeat =
1.0e+04 *
7.3778    7.4125    7.4498    7.4896    7.5321    7.5771```
``` dissipatedHeat =
1.0e+04 *
7.0511    7.0842    7.1199    7.1580    7.1985    7.2416```

However, I just want the script to multiply value by value. So say on the first iteration it multiplies frst values from the vector and gives me the answer of temperature for second iteration. It the multiplies 2nd value from both matrices and so on. I think Matlab multiplies every member in a matrix by every member in other matrix. I tried adding a do before one of the values, but it does not help. Any ideas how to fix it? Think I'm just missing a small point somewhere,but can't find it. Thank you!

## Products

No products are associated with this question.

Answer by Jan Simon on 20 Jul 2012
Edited by Jan Simon on 20 Jul 2012

Perhaps you want:

```...
dissipatedHeat = coolingCoef(x-1) * (temperature(x-1))
...
energy = dissipatedHeat * time(x);  % or time(x-1)?
```

Kokalz on 20 Jul 2012

The thing is that the dissipatedHeat carries out 5 calculations and gives me 5 1x6 matrices, instead of one 1x6. How can I fix it?

proecsm on 21 Jul 2012

I think you should consider Jan's answer more carefully.

```coolingCoef
time
```

are vectors.

Jan Simon on 21 Jul 2012

velocity is a vector. Therefore coolingCoef and time are vectors. Therefore dissipatedHeat is a vector. Did you try my suggestion, which let you access one element per loop iteration?

Use the debugger and step through you code line by line to find out, what's going on.

Answer by Kokalz on 21 Jul 2012

Still can't figure it out. Anyone? :(

per isakson on 21 Jul 2012

I stepped through your code with the debugger. What's the problem? I would need a more detailed description of your problem.

Kokalz on 21 Jul 2012

Right. Basically I want the program to do a loop calculation so I can get a certain number of different values, that will then be plotted on the graph. The values of the ''for x=2:length....'' part are where I do the loop calculation. So it goes like this: I assign the first value for temperature> get values for dissipated heat > energy and so on, to get the second value of temperature. And then it starts all over to get the value of 3rd temperature. Hopefully that explains the pattern. As specified in the question I, for some reason, get five 1x6 matrices for dissipated heat instead of just one 1x6 value of dissipated heat. Matlab for some reason takes the bottom one. Also, the values I get there are completely different from the values I get plugging this formula to excel. I could upload the excel document on demand, because it will probably explain all the steps a bit better. Thank you very much for any help!

per isakson on 21 Jul 2012

Meta: Comment on comment

It is difficult to read and understand your comment and that is partly because it is not formatted. Now, I have copy&pasted to an editor formatted somewhat and printed.

Compare:

So it goes like this:

• I assign the first value for temperature
• get values for dissipated heat energy and so on, to get the second value of temperature.
• And then it starts all over to get the value of 3rd temperature.
Answer by per isakson on 22 Jul 2012
Edited by per isakson on 22 Jul 2012

Firstly, the code appears to be a strange blend of loop and vectorized (as Jan says).

Secondly, a short description of the underlying physics would help. Is it about a brake (of a moving vehicle), which heats and losses heat as the velocity of the vehicle changes?

Thirdly, I think it would be helpful to indicate physical units in comments to appropriate assignments.

Time out for now. I'll have a look at your code in my next break.