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This is the error "Maximum variable size allowed by the program is exceeded". How can I fix it??

Asked by Mohamed Elwakdy on 6 Nov 2012
Latest activity Edited by John Kelly
on 13 Nov 2013

Dear Sir,

I have this error"Maximum variable size allowed by the program is exceeded" and i do know how i fixed it....

I obtained on this error when I wrote this code:

x1= double(imread('image1.jpg'));
[C,S] = wavedec2(x1,1,'db5');
chd2 = wrcoef2('h',C,S,'db5',1);
D1 =[D1 chd2];
[h w] =   size(D1)
t      =   3;
b      =   2*t+1;
N     =  h-b+1
M     =  w-b+1
L     =  N*M
r     =  [1:s:N]
r     =  [1:s:N]
r     =  [r r(end)+1:N]
c     =  [1:s:M]
c     =  [c c(end)+1:M]
X     =  zeros(b*b,L,'single')% here, I obtained on the error massage?????

where i can not make zero matrix...

I would like to help me in fixed this error...if this possible??

Thank you very much


Walter Roberson
on 7 Nov 2012

What is a typical value of L for your purpose?

Randy Souza
on 29 Nov 2012

I have restored the original text of this question.

Mohamed Elwakdy, this question has a clear subject and multiple answers, so it may be valuable to someone else in the future. If you have a good reason why it should be removed from MATLAB Answers, please flag the question, explain why it should be deleted, and an administrator or high-reputation contributor will consider deleting the question. Please do not simply edit your question away.

Jan Simon
on 29 Nov 2012

@Randy: Thank you very much.



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2 Answers

Answer by Walter Roberson
on 7 Nov 2012

You need to either reduce L somehow, or switch to a 64 bit MATLAB with more than 9 Gb of memory.

Consider whether you algorithm really needs all of those locations.

Consider whether you will have a lot of zeros; if so then sparse matrices might help.

What is it that you are trying to accomplish?


Walter Roberson
on 7 Nov 2012

Why do you want to make a testing block, etc. ? What are you trying to compute? For example is this a radar application?

Walter Roberson
on 7 Nov 2012

What will you be doing with X afterwards? Would it be possible to do some of the calculation in parts? Compute some of X and process that portion down to a smaller size, keep some overlap from X if needed but throw most of the already-processed part away, compute more of X, process that down, and so on?

Answer by Jan Simon
on 6 Nov 2012
Edited by John Kelly
on 13 Nov 2013

The maximum size of variables can be optained by the command computer. Because your b is small, L must be giantic, such that the internal addressing gets an overflow. Depending on the architecture, this can be at 2^40 (divided by b*b=49...).


Jan Simon
on 7 Nov 2012

Please, Mohamed, post the values of b and L which let the function stop with this error. I'm sure that L will be much larger than you expect.

Jan Simon
on 7 Nov 2012

@Mohamed: As long as b=7, L = 23352784 should work. Are you sure that Matlab shows the error message for these values?

Exceeding the maximum size of arrays means, that you try to reserve more memory than Matlab and the operating system can access. But even below this limit you need very much RAM to process large arrays in a reasonable amount of time. So I assume, currently the problem you work on is too big for computers, and even if you split it in parts the calculations could take years.

But these assumptions are based on guessing only, because we still do not know the actual size of the problem, which produces the error message. Please type this in the command line:

dbstop if error

Then start your program. Matlab stops, when the error occurs and you can check the values of b and L.

Walter Roberson
on 7 Nov 2012

(7 * 7) * 23352784 * 8 (bytes per double) = 9154291328 which is a little over 9 Gb, which is more than would be allowed on a 32 bit version of MATLAB.

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