MATLAB Answers


constructiong 3x3 matrix window

Asked by FIR
on 19 Dec 2012
Accepted Answer by Matt J

I am designing a filter removing impulses noises from an RGB IMAGE

For identifying the noise pixels in the image I need a 3x3 window to slide over the image starting from the first Pixel to the Last.

If the corrupted Pixel is found i have to do some calculation to correct it.

To find this Corrupted Pixel I need a 3x3 Window to slide over my Image.

please send me the code for this

  1 Comment

3 Answers

Answer by Matt J
on 19 Dec 2012
 Accepted answer

Hint - the CONV command


Answer by Walter Roberson
on 19 Dec 2012



on 19 Dec 2012

did u mean like


img = zeros(size(x));

filtImg = conv2(img,Gaussian,'same');

on 19 Dec 2012
I = imread(...)
kernel = ones(3, 3) / 9; % 3x3 mean kernel
J = conv2(I, kernel, 'same');

Matt J is referring to the second of those forms, where you create your own kernel.

Answer by Image Analyst
on 19 Dec 2012

FIR, I've ALREADY posted code to get rid of impulse noise. In fact it was to your very own question just a few days ago! Perhaps you've forgotten, or just ignored my answer. Here is the link: If you want to replace noise pixels with blurred pixels, just replace the medfilt2() with conv2() like Matt said, though I don't know why you'd do that because you'd be designing a worse filter.


Put in a breakpoint just at the medfilt2() call. Check size() of the array you are passing in to medfilt2(). If the array is 3 dimensional, then you have not separated the color planes.

on 20 Dec 2012

no walter my question is without separating the RGB image to ,R,G,B plane can we directly proceed on RGB IMAGE,i dont want to separate into planes ,is it possible

Not using the code posted by Image Analyst. That code could be altered to effectively pull apart the planes without looking like it was pulling apart the planes. You can for example create a routine similar to medfilt2() but which accepts an RGB image and does plane-by-plane filtering internally.

You need to ask yourself, though, what it means to do a median() with respect to values that have three components (R, G, B), and how that differs from [median®, median(G), median(B)] applied individually. The problem becomes rather similar to that of comparing two complex numbers: just as there is no defined sorting order for all P < Q when P and Q are complex, there is also no defined sorting order for all (R1,G1,B1) < (R2,G2,B2) pixels. Without a defined sorting order, you cannot determine median() as median() requires logically fully ordering the values to find which value is in the "middle" of the fully ordered list.

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