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Asked by Praveen Nandakumar on 17 Jan 2013

Hi, i know 33x33 nnormalized matrix.... i shd multiply with 33 unknowns...matrix multiplication....with same 33 unknowns even on left will be there...... how to calculate these 33 unknowns,..

[x1 x2 x3 ....... x33][Normalized matrix 33x33] = [x1 x2 x3 ..... x33]

help me ,,,

thank you

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Answer by Cedric Wannaz on 17 Jan 2013

Edited by Cedric Wannaz on 17 Jan 2013

Accepted answer

... try this ...

>> doc \

Answer by Roger Stafford on 17 Jan 2013

There will be no non-zero solution unless one or more of the eigenvalues of the 33 by 33 matrix is equal to 1. Furthermore there will be no solution with a sum of 1 unless there is a corresponding eigenvector with a non-zero sum. Therefore, use matlab's 'eig' function to find its eigenvalues and eigenvectors and if one of the eigenvalues is 1 with a corresponding eigenvector whose sum is non-zero, normalize that eigenvector (divide its elements by their sum) to have sum 1 and that will be a solution.

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Praveen Nandakumar on 18 Jan 2013

i dint get you properly... i have to find x1 x2 .. x33 in

[x1 x2 x3 .... x33] [i have 33x33 matrix where sum of row is 1]=[x1 x2 x3 ... x33]

Cedric Wannaz on 18 Jan 2013

Your initial question is not very well written, *sp*. It seems that we all tried to answer based on some assumption of what you want to do effectively.

If your problem, after transposition, is really

A x = x -> (A-I)x = 0

with `A` completely defined and you need to find `x`, then see Walter's answer. But this kind of equations is usually found in a context where you need to find eigen values/vectors, and you are looking for lambda that verifies the following equation for all `x`

A x = lambda x -> (A-lambda I) x = 0

So here `x` can be anything, which sets constraints on lambda (leading to a set of eigen values).

When I read you question (and it might be the same for the others who answered), I was sure that you had either forgotten some lambda, or some constant right-hand side vector.

Also, this information about all `x` components summing up to 1 that came later as a comment (which is not the same as "sum of matrix rows is 1" that came even later), is indeed a 34th equation in your system with 33 unknowns (if this is really what you are trying to solve).. something to meditate.

Praveen Nandakumar on 19 Jan 2013

yes cedric you are right... i realized bit later... i got the solution now...same procedure

Answer by Walter Roberson on 17 Jan 2013

Solution: let all the unknowns be 0.

Praveen Nandakumar on 17 Jan 2013

i shd get values of these unknowns.... and sum of x1 + x2 + .... + x33 = 1

Answer by Roger Stafford on 19 Jan 2013

I didn't realize that by "33x33 nnormalized matrix" you meant that its rows each have a sum of 1. In that case I believe there will be at least one eigenvalue of 1 and my warning no longer applies. You can solve for your vector as follows. Let A be your 33 x 33 matrix in which each row has a sum of 1.

[V,D] = eig(A'); % Find eigenvalues and left eigenvectors of A [~,ix] = min(abs(diag(D)-1)); % Locate an eigenvalue which equals 1 v = V(:,ix)'; % The corresponding row of V' will be a solution v = v/sum(v); % Adjust it to have a sum of 1

The vector v will be the vector you seek.

Praveen Nandakumar on 19 Jan 2013

hey hi.. the logic is different in ur code.....actually i wanted solution following equation as Ax = x... anyways i got solution now... thank you....

Roger Stafford on 19 Jan 2013

I didn't justify my remark that if your matrix rows each have a sum of one, then it must have an eigenvalue of one. The line of reasoning is this. If I is the 33 x 33 identity matrix, then the rows of the matrix A-I would each have a sum of zero. It is a property of determinants that any one of its columns (or rows) can be added to any other column (or row) without altering the value of the determinant. Hence if each of the other columns in A-I is added in turn to the first column, the value of det(A-I) remains the same. However from the above assumption this would make the first column equal to all zeros, which means that det(A-I) itself must be zero. Thus one will be one of the roots of the characteristic equation for A and is therefore one of its eigenvalues.

Of course the same reasoning would hold for any size matrix if all its rows or columns have a fixed sum of some value lambda. Then det(A-lembda*I) = 0 and lambda would therefore have to be an eigenvalue of A.

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