## convert zeros to nan

on 22 Apr 2011

### John D'Errico (view profile)

I have an array (10 rows,10 columns,5 bands) and wonder how I can convert the zero values to NaN. I used the following command line but it's not working. If I replace zero values with another value (like 2) it works but for an odd reason is not working with NaN. A(A==0)=NaN

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### John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

Given that your array is truly uint32, try this:

```clear
uint32(nan)
ans =
0
```

NaNs are only defined in context of FLOATING point numbers.

Hassan

### Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

I tried that. I got the same answer (ans=0).

### John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

It DOES work.

```A = [1 2 0 -4 5 0 0 6];
A(A == 0) = NaN
A =
1     2   NaN    -4     5   NaN   NaN     6
```

So you are mistaken that it fails. Very likely, you are failing to understand that matlab sometimes displays a number as 0, yet it is NOT zero.

```format short
A = [1 2 0.00000001 -4 5 0.000000023 0.000000000001 6]
A =
1.0000    2.0000    0.0000   -4.0000    5.0000    0.0000    0.0000    6.0000
```

See that there are still three values that are displayed as zero, but the simple test for zero fails to see any of them

```A == 0
ans =
0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0
```

I will also point out that you CANNOT test for a NaN using ==, as that test will always return false. This is easy to prove.

```nan == nan
ans =
0
```

The final possibility is that you have defined nan to be some other value. Thus

```nan = 5;
```

Now I will not be able to assign something as a true nan, instead, matlab will use 5 when you try that. So, if you have defined nan = 0 someplace, then replacing zeros by nan will just insert zeros directly back in.

John D'Errico

### John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

I think Sean has the answer. Are you using some other class? If you don't give us sufficient information, we are just guessing here.

John D'Errico

### John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

Nan is not defined as a valid value for uint32 numbers.

Hassan

### Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

OK, in that case I need to use other values instead of NaN. thanks John for the help.

### Matt Fig (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

Please do these three commands on your machine and paste the output, just like I did. Remember to use the {} Code button!

```>> which nan
built-in (C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2007b\toolbox\matlab\elmat\nan)
>> B = mod(1:5,2)
B =
1     0     1     0     1
>> B(~B)=nan
B =
1   NaN     1   NaN     1
```

.

. EDIT

Hassan, don't put in the >> when you run the code.

Hassan

### Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

thanks Matt for the comment. it gives me the following error:
??? built-in (C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2007b\toolbox\matlab\elmat\nan)
|
Error: Unexpected MATLAB operator.

Matt Fig

### Matt Fig (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

I hope you didn't try to put in the >> when you did the commands, did you?? I only left them there to show that I did this at the command window!

Hassan

### Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

No I didn't. I am using Matlab 2009b version on the university network. i couldn't find Matlab folder in Program Files.

### Ali Can ARIK (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

Try this:

```A(find(A==0)) = NaN;
```

John D'Errico

### John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

What does it do when you try that? Have you possibly defined a variable nan to have some other value?

Hassan

### Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

I clear all variables using 'clear all' command. it can't convert zeros to nan for no reason.

Hassan

### Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

when I convert a value to NaN, it is converted to zero.

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