MATLAB and Simulink resources for Arduino, LEGO, and Raspberry Pi

# Can someone help with nonlinear optimization with constraints? (i've tried tutorials with no luck)

Asked by John on 24 Feb 2013

Hi, I've been working on a hw assignment for a while trying to self teach optimization and its proving difficult. I have to minimize the function x1^3-6x1^2+11x1+x3 with the following constraints:

x1^2+x2^2-x3^2<=0 4-x1^2-x2^2-x3^2<=0 x3-5<=0 -x1<=0 -x2<=0 -x3<=0 the starting feasible point is .1,.1,3 So far, by looking at the tutorials I've come up with this coding, but I'm getting an error message about the function definition, saying "x and fval may not be used". Also, the code runs and in the command window k>> appears. Any help would be appreciated.

function f=mae342hw5p2(x) f=x1.^3-6.*x1.^2+11.*x1+x3; function [c,ceq]=confun(x) c=[ x1^2+x2^2-x3^2; 4-x1^2-x2^2-x3^2; x3-5;-x1;-x2;-x3]; ceq = []; x0=[.1 .1 3]; options=optimset('Algorithm','active-set'); [x,fval]=... fmincon(@mae342hw5p2,x0,[],[],[],[],[],[],@confun,options);

## Products

No products are associated with this question.

Answer by Jing on 25 Feb 2013

The input of every function includes 'x', but there's no x in the function body. Actually, you should write your function as follows:(and it's a bit weird without x(2) in your target function...)

```function f=mae342hw5p2(x)
f=x(1).^3-6.*x(1).^2+11.*x(1)+x(3);
```

For the constraints, it's better to separate the linear and non-linear constraints, which makes the non-linear constraints function to be:

```function [c,ceq]=confun(x)
c=[ x(1)^2+x(2)^2-x(3)^2; 4-x(1)^2-x(2)^2-x(3)^2];
ceq=[];
```

the linear constraints can be set by upper and lower boundary when you call fmincon: lb=[-Inf,-Inf,0];ub=[0,0,5];

Hope you understand!

## 1 Comment

John on 25 Feb 2013

Thank you!