MATLAB Answers


Timeout problem in matlab

Asked by Jim
on 24 May 2013


I am trying to read data through serial communication in matlab

I am reading 2 bytes of data

First byte is zero for most of the times and 2nd byte contains information.

I am getting timeout error Is there any command to read data starting with zeros Warning: Unsuccessful read: A timeout occurred.

  nexys = serial('COM1', 'BaudRate', 9600, 'Parity', 'odd', 'Terminator', '', 'Timeout', 1);
  myNum = 4563;
  %fprintf(nexys, 'd1539'); %Fungerar
  %fprintf(nexys, 'd%4d', myNum); %Fungerar
  for i=1:2
      fprintf(nexys, 's');
      scan_s1 = fscanf(nexys,'%s')-0;
      fprintf(nexys, 't');
      scan_s2 = fscanf(nexys,'%s')-0;

Can anybody suggest something about this

Thanks Jim


On what line is the timeout error thrown? Have you verified that the scan_s1 and scan_s2 are incorrect?

It looks like you are setting the 'Terminator' to empty. In my experience, a timeout error can arise when the device does not send a specified terminator string that Matlab recognizes. I'm not sure how it would respond with an empty terminator specified.

on 24 May 2013

Hi Matt kindig,

Thanks for ur reply. Even when I am using LF as terminator I am getting the same error: Yes, I think matlab does not recognizes the data I am sending Is this because 1st byte contains 00000000? Is there any command to recognize zeros in matlab

Thanks in advance

1 Answer

Answer by Jan Simon
on 25 May 2013
 Accepted answer

You try to read a string but do not define a terminator. Even the the LF terminator, the string might not be terminated, when no LF appears in the data stream. So are you sure, that FSCANF for a string is what you want?

FREAD read all values, while the import of a string might be impeded by a zero byte, because they terminate strings in C.


on 25 May 2013

Hi Jan,

Thanks for your reply. In the command fscanf

scan_s1 = fscanf(nexys,'%s')-0;

What does "-0" will do exactly?

What is the need of substracting 0 from a string

Thanks Jim

Jan Simon
on 26 May 2013

@Jim: Subtracting 0 from a CHAR array converts the type to DOUBLE:

c = '123'
d = c + 0

Alternative, which is less funky:

d = double(c);

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