MATLAB and Simulink resources for Arduino, LEGO, and Raspberry Pi

Learn moreOpportunities for recent engineering grads.

Apply Today**New to MATLAB?**

Asked by James
on 21 Aug 2013

Dear all,

I wanted to know if there is any way to plot a curve with increasing radius. This curve has to go around a circle.

Thanks for your help.

*No products are associated with this question.*

Answer by Walter Roberson
on 21 Aug 2013

Accepted answer

Your sample diagram look like spirals to me, other than that the radius might not be increasing linearly.

Use pol2cart() to switch between an (r, theta) form vs (x,y) coordinates.

James
on 21 Aug 2013

I did try that but this is the result As you can see there is no full circle there. Maybe that's a mistake with my data or something else. May be its right and I just need to trim the curves.

Anyways, thank you for your time and help. I really appreciate it.

Kelly Kearney
on 21 Aug 2013

I see a circle and two spirals. Is this what you're looking for?

theta = linspace(pi/2+2*pi, pi/2, 100);

r = cell(3,1); r{1} = ones(size(theta)); % The circle r{2} = linspace(1, 0.5, 60); % Spiral in r{3} = linspace(1, 1.5, 60); % Spiral out

for ii = 1:3 [x{ii}, y{ii}] = pol2cart(theta(1:length(r{ii})), r{ii}); end

xy = [x;y]; plot(xy{:}); axis equal;

Answer by Image Analyst
on 21 Aug 2013

You say "I have the data for them" so why don't you just use the plot() function and plot them? Am I missing something???

James
on 21 Aug 2013

I have cropped the curve and that does make it better but I cannot get it to plot the full circle. I tried using a circle function for the circle but that failed too. Here is my code:

vehicle.a = 1.4; vehicle.b = 1.6; vehicle.m = 1600; vehicle.k = 1.5; vehicle.l = vehicle.a + vehicle.b; vehicle.I = vehicle.m*vehicle.k^2; vehicle.Cf = 6e4; vehicle.Cr = 6e4; vehicle.Ct = vehicle.Cf + vehicle.Cr;

% steering characteristics of the vehicle steer.u = 1:1:40; steer.a = [1.4 1.5 1.6]; steer.b = [1.6 1.5 1.4]; for i = 1:3 loop.a = steer.a(i); loop.b = steer.b(i); steer.s (:,i) = (loop.a*vehicle.Cf - loop.b*vehicle.Cr)/vehicle.Ct; end

% Relations of turn radius and vehicle speed for constant steer angle steer.delta = degtorad (3); for j = 1:3 loop.s = steer.s(j); for i = 1:40 loop.Vx = steer.u(i); steer.R(i,j) = (vehicle.l/steer.delta)*(1-(((vehicle.Ct*loop.s*vehicle.m)/(2*vehicle.l^2*vehicle.Cf*vehicle.Cr))*loop.Vx^2)); end end

% Change in turn radius with vehivle speed loop.R = 50; for j = 1:3 loop.s = steer.s(j); for i = 1:40 loop.Vx = steer.u(i); steer.delta(i,j) = (vehicle.l/loop.R)*(1-(((vehicle.Ct*loop.s*vehicle.m)/(2*vehicle.l^2*vehicle.Cf*vehicle.Cr))*loop.Vx^2)); end end

for i = 1:3 steer.r = abs(steer.delta(:,i)); [loop.r,loop.theta] = spiral(steer.r); steer.radius(:,i) = loop.r(:,1); steer.theta(:,i) = loop.theta(:,1); end

%Change of turning with increase of vehicle speed. figure (4) hold on plot(steer.radius(:,1),steer.theta(:,1),'r') plot(steer.radius(:,2),steer.theta(:,2),'b') plot(steer.radius(:,3),steer.theta(:,3),'g') title('Change of turning with increase of vehicle speed') axis('equal') hold off

The code is not yet cleaned up but that is no problem. Thank you for for taking such an interest in helping me.

Answer by David Sanchez
on 21 Aug 2013

Try this out:

[x,y] = meshgrid(1:150,1:100); [th, rho] = cart2pol(x - 75,y - 50); % convert to polar % spiral centered at (75,50) Img = sin(r/3 + th); imagesc(Img); colormap(hot); axis equal; axis off;

## 8 Comments

## Roger Stafford (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165362

Do you mean the radius - that is, the distance - from some fixed point is increasing, or do you mean the radius of its local radius of curvature is increasing? There is a big difference in these two concepts. What determines the way in which this radius increases? We need more information to be able to help you effectively, James.

## Image Analyst (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165374

Do you mean a spiral? If so, wouldn't

boththe radius and the radius of curvature increase as the spiral gets larger and larger?## James (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165375

@ Roger Stafford: I mean the distance from a fixed point is increasing.

@ Image Analyst: N, I don't mean a spiral. Spirals don't work in my case.

## Image Analyst (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165379

Then why not just call line() over and over again with longer lines? Why are you calling it a radius? Radius usually means something more or less circular. Please upload a diagram of what you want so we won't have to spend more time guessing what you want.

## Walter Roberson (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165380

What aspect of a spiral does not work for you?

## James (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165388

@ Roger Stafford: A spiral does not work because, I am not looking for a circle. I want a curve with increasing radius (from a fixed point) over a part of a circle. It would be easier to explain if could just show you a picture of what I was trying to achieve. Sorry about the confusion.

@ Image Analyst: I will be glad to upload an image but I am not sure how to do so here. If you could guide me I will do that. Sorry for the confusion.

## Image Analyst (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165389

Bring up your diagram somehow on the computer, be it in Photoshop or whatever. Type alt-Printscreen to capture the current window into the clipboard. Go to http://snag.gy and type control-V to paste it in. Note the URL it gives you and come back here and tell us what it is.

## James (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/85283#comment_165394

@ Image Analyst: Thank you telling me how to do that. Below is the URL for the image. Hope it helps. The figure is of 3 different curves. The center is a circle, the other two I have the data for them but I am not sure not to plot them.

http://snag.gy/oaYfV.jpg