You are standing on the beach of an island, which you must explore by walking all the way round its coast. Each step is in one of the four directions north, south, east or west, and you must travel clockwise, keeping the sea on your left.
The island is represented by a "blob" of non-zero elements in an array, completely surrounded by zeros representing the sea. All the elements in the blob are 1, except for a single 2 giving your starting and finishing point. Each step takes you to one of the positions in the von Neumann neighbourhood of your current position. Your function must return your steps as a string of the characters N, E, S and W. (N is towards the top of the array as printed, E to the right, etc.) The route must visit every non-zero element that has a 0 as one of its nearest 8 neighbours, and it must not visit any other elements. An element may need to be visited more than once.
The start position will have a 0 as one its nearest 4 neighbours, and the direction of the first step from it will not be ambiguous.
Input array = [0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0]
Route = EESEWWWN
Input array = [0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0];
Route = NEWS
The reference solution has a size of 140.