MATLAB and Simulink resources for Arduino, LEGO, and Raspberry Pi

Learn moreOpportunities for recent engineering grads.

Apply TodayGiven connectivity information about a graph, your job is to find the **shortest-path distance** between every pair of vertices in this graph.

Note: Valid solutions will be scored based on their **speed**, not their **size** (hence the *fastest in the west*...).

**Format:** D = mindist(from,to)

**Inputs:** two vectors, *from* and *to*, listing the vertex labels for each edge in the graph (note: vertex labels are positive integers, connectivity is unidirectional, meaning that a connection between vertex *a* and *b* does not imply a connection between vertex *b* and *a*; in other words this is a directed graph)

**Output:** *D* is a square matrix where *D(a,b)* is the number of edges in the shortest-path starting from vertex *a* and ending in vertex *b* (or *inf* if there is no path connecting them). Note: Your algorithm is not required to output the actual optimal paths between each pair of vertices, just their distance.

**Example:**

D=mindist([1,2,3],[2,3,4]) D =

0 1 2 3 Inf 0 1 2 Inf Inf 0 1 Inf Inf Inf 0

**Important note & disclaimer:** Your algorithm will be scored based on its **speed**, not based on its cody **size**. The reported 'size' measure for any valid entry will instead reflect the time (in milliseconds) your algorithm takes to solve various test suite problems (see the test suite for details). There has been some discussion (e.g. http://blogs.mathworks.com/desktop/2012/02/06/scoring-in-cody/#comments) regarding the cody scoring method. This problem is just a little experiment on *tweaking* cody to use a different scoring method other than the default node-length measure. Of course scoring based on running time has its own issues (e.g. lack of appropriate repeatability), please feel free to comment on ways you would improve how this problem is scored.

43 correct solutions
42 incorrect solutions

Last solution submitted on Sep 15, 2013

2 players like this problem

1 player likes this solution

1 Comment

Kees Roos
on 8 May 2012

After many efforts, on my PC the time for 1000 vertices and 12000 arcs is now less than 1 sec. My solution is a variant of Dijkstra's algorithm. In fact, it surprises me that all shortest paths can be found so fast. I now stop trying to improve my code. After this solution I could see the leading-time solution which is quite different. Very nice!

3 Comments

Kees Roos
on 2 May 2012

Dear Alfonso, thanks for doing this! Size now refers to msec's? I will now try to improve my code.
Is there a way to reproduce the new size on my PC?

Alfonso Nieto-Castanon
on 3 May 2012

Glad to help, and yes, size still refers to ms. Good luck with optimizing! (as a suggestion, try vectorizing things a bit; for example you can change the entire for loop starting with 'for w = ws,' for something like 'w=ws(isinf(D(s,ws))); D(s,w)=level; Q(tail+(1:numel(w)))=w; tail=tail+numel(w);', and that should run considerably faster)

Alfonso Nieto-Castanon
on 3 May 2012

(note, the example suggestion above refers to your latest proposed Solution 84731, not this one)

2 Comments

Kees Roos
on 30 Apr 2012

When I run test problem 5 with my code on my PC the output is
Time (ms)
1.0e+04 *
0.006900000000000 0.657700000000000 1.714100000000000
In total this is well below 20 sec. It may be not the leading time, but it is kind of frustratng that the response of Cody is that the "server encountered an error". There is no error in the code; I am sure because I compared my solutions with those obtained by using the 'graphallshortestpaths.m' routine in the Bioinformatics toolbox of Matlab. I would like to know why I get no valid response from Cody.

Alfonso Nieto-Castanon
on 1 May 2012

Sorry about that. It seems your code runs a bit slower on Cody machinery compared to your machine (~35s instead of ~17s). In any way, I modified a bit the test code to allow a larger range of times to pass under the intrinsic maximum-time imposed by the Cody machinery (now if your code runs below ~40s it will be counted as valid and scored)

1 Comment

Kees Roos
on 25 Apr 2012

Currently my code needs about 12 seconds for finding all shortest paths if the number of nodes is 1000 and the number of arcs 12000. Of course, I verified that the code is correct. But since I have no entrance to the last test problem, it is not clear why the server is not able to handle it. At least, I would be glad to be able to compare 'my' times with the leadng time.

3 Comments

Kees Roos
on 14 Apr 2012

What can to do if Cody's response to a good working Matlab program on your PC is 'Undefined function 'mindist' for input arguments of type 'double''?

Alfonso Nieto-Castanon
on 15 Apr 2012

This error arises because you are naming your function 'mindist_CR' instead of 'mindist' (simply change the function name and it should work just fine)

Kees Roos
on 15 Apr 2012

Thanks for your reply. I tried this. Now the response is: 'The server encountered an error while evaluating the solution'. Any further hint will be highly appreciated!

3 Comments

Kees Roos
on 14 Apr 2012

I get 'The server encountered an error while evaluating the solution.' Why? It runs well on my PC, giving correct solutions (at least for the first 3 test problems for which the solution is given).

Alfonso Nieto-Castanon
on 15 Apr 2012

Unfortunately Cody has a limit (approx. 20 seconds) on how long can a solution run before terminating it and outputting this error. You need to make your function faster in order to beat this limit (approximately, it should be able to compute the distance for a graph with 1,000 vertices and 10,000 edges in under 20 seconds; the current leading solution does this in less than a second)

Kees Roos
on 17 Apr 2012

I now understand. It is a pity that the Cody system does not report that the smaller problems are solved correctly. I guess the results you mention for large networks can be obtained only by commercial codes. I tried the code in the Bioinformatic toolbox. This would work, but needs a license.

3 Comments

Kees Roos
on 13 Apr 2012

Please, improve the code for testing the solutions. As I mentioned earlier the number of nodes for the test problems 2 and 4 are 9 and 99, respectively. Due to this my solutions are rejected. I am not sure what is wrong with test problem 5, but I am almost sure that also there something goes wrong.

Alfonso Nieto-Castanon
on 14 Apr 2012

Sorry about that, it seems there is some ambiguity as to how to interpret the 'from' and 'to' variables; test 2 has 10 nodes, not 9 (you are forgetting about node 2, which has no connections to any other node)... similarly for test 5

Kees Roos
on 14 Apr 2012

Thanks. I changed my code so that isolated nodes are not removed. It runs well on my PC, producing solutions identical to the 'correct' solutions, but the new code is not accepted by Cody.

6 Comments