No BSD License  

Highlights from
mpeg compression

mpeg compression

by

 

04 Jun 2006 (Updated )

Mpeg compression

BmotionEstARPS(imgP, imgI, mbSize, p)
% Computes motion vectors using Adaptive Rood Pattern Search method
%
% Based on the paper by Yao Nie, and Kai-Kuang Ma
% IEEE Trans. on Image Processing
% Volume 11 Number 12, December 2002 :  Pages 1442:1448
%
% Input
%   imgP : The image for which we want to find motion vectors
%   imgI : The reference image
%   mbSize : Size of the macroblock
%   p : Search parameter  (read literature to find what this means)
%
% Ouput
%   motionVect : the motion vectors for each integral macroblock in imgP
%   ARPScomputations: The average number of points searched for a macroblock
%
% Written by Aroh Barjatya


function motionVect = BmotionEstARPS(imgP, imgI, mbSize, p)

[row col] = size(imgI);

vectors = zeros(2,row*col/mbSize^2);
costs = ones(1, 6) * 65537;


% The index points for Small Diamond search pattern
SDSP(1,:) = [ 0 -1];
SDSP(2,:) = [-1  0];
SDSP(3,:) = [ 0  0];
SDSP(4,:) = [ 1  0];
SDSP(5,:) = [ 0  1];

% We will be storing the positions of points where the checking has been
% already done in a matrix that is initialised to zero. As one point is
% checked, we set the corresponding element in the matrix to one. 

checkMatrix = zeros(2*p+1,2*p+1);

% computations = 0;

% we start off from the top left of the image
% we will walk in steps of mbSize
% mbCount will keep track of how many blocks we have evaluated

mbCount = 1;
for i = 1 : mbSize : row-mbSize+1
    for j = 1 : mbSize : col-mbSize+1
        
        % the Adapive Rood Pattern search starts
        % we are scanning in raster order
        
        x = j;
        y = i;
        
        costs(3) = costFuncMAD(imgP(i:i+mbSize-1,j:j+mbSize-1), ...
                                    imgI(i:i+mbSize-1,j:j+mbSize-1),mbSize);
        
        checkMatrix(p+1,p+1) = 1;
%         computations =  computations + 1; 
        % if we are in the left most column then we have to make sure that
        % we just do the LDSP with stepSize = 2
        if (j-1 < 1)
            stepSize = 2;
            maxIndex = 5;
        else 
            stepSize = max(abs(vectors(1,mbCount-1)), abs(vectors(2,mbCount-1)));

            % now we have to make sure that if the point due to motion
            % vector is one of the LDSP points then we dont calculate it
            % again
            if ( (abs(vectors(1,mbCount-1)) == stepSize & vectors(2,mbCount-1) == 0) ...
                 | (abs(vectors(2,mbCount-1)) == stepSize & vectors(1,mbCount-1) == 0)) ...
                 
                maxIndex = 5; % we just have to check at the rood pattern 5 points
                
            else
                maxIndex = 6; % we have to check 6 points
                LDSP(6,:) = [ vectors(2, mbCount-1)  vectors(1, mbCount-1)];
            end
        end
        
        % The index points for first and only Large Diamond search pattern
        
        LDSP(1,:) = [ 0 -stepSize];
        LDSP(2,:) = [-stepSize 0]; 
        LDSP(3,:) = [ 0  0];
        LDSP(4,:) = [stepSize  0];
        LDSP(5,:) = [ 0  stepSize];
        
        
        % do the LDSP
        
        
        for k = 1:maxIndex
            refBlkVer = y + LDSP(k,2);   % row/Vert co-ordinate for ref block
            refBlkHor = x + LDSP(k,1);   % col/Horizontal co-ordinate
            if ( refBlkVer < 1 | refBlkVer+mbSize-1 > row ...
                 | refBlkHor < 1 | refBlkHor+mbSize-1 > col)
             
                continue; % outside image boundary
            end

            if (k == 3 | stepSize == 0)
                continue; % center point already calculated
            end
            costs(k) = costFuncMAD(imgP(i:i+mbSize-1,j:j+mbSize-1), ...
                  imgI(refBlkVer:refBlkVer+mbSize-1, refBlkHor:refBlkHor+mbSize-1), mbSize);
%             computations =  computations + 1;
            checkMatrix(LDSP(k,2) + p+1, LDSP(k,1) + p+1) = 1;
            
        end
        
        [cost, point] = min(costs);
        
        
        % The doneFlag is set to 1 when the minimum
        % is at the center of the diamond           

        x = x + LDSP(point, 1);
        y = y + LDSP(point, 2);
        costs = ones(1,5) * 65537;
        costs(3) = cost;
       

        doneFlag = 0;   
        while (doneFlag == 0)
            for k = 1:5
                refBlkVer = y + SDSP(k,2);   % row/Vert co-ordinate for ref block
                refBlkHor = x + SDSP(k,1);   % col/Horizontal co-ordinate
                if ( refBlkVer < 1 | refBlkVer+mbSize-1 > row ...
                      | refBlkHor < 1 | refBlkHor+mbSize-1 > col)
                      continue;
                end

                if (k == 3)
                    continue
                elseif (refBlkHor < j-p | refBlkHor > j+p | refBlkVer < i-p ...
                            | refBlkVer > i+p)
                        continue;
                elseif (checkMatrix(y-i+SDSP(k,2)+p+1 , x-j+SDSP(k,1)+p+1) == 1)
                    continue
                end
            
                costs(k) = costFuncMAD(imgP(i:i+mbSize-1,j:j+mbSize-1), ...
                             imgI(refBlkVer:refBlkVer+mbSize-1, ...
                                 refBlkHor:refBlkHor+mbSize-1), mbSize);
                checkMatrix(y-i+SDSP(k,2)+p+1, x-j+SDSP(k,1)+p+1) = 1;
%                 computations =  computations + 1;
                
  
            end
            
            [cost, point] = min(costs);
           
            if (point == 3)
                doneFlag = 1;
            else
                x = x + SDSP(point, 1);
                y = y + SDSP(point, 2);
                costs = ones(1,5) * 65537;
                costs(3) = cost;
            end
            
        end  % while loop ends here
        
        vectors(1,mbCount) = y - i;    % row co-ordinate for the vector
        vectors(2,mbCount) = x - j;    % col co-ordinate for the vector            
        mbCount = mbCount + 1;
        costs = ones(1,6) * 65537;
        
        checkMatrix = zeros(2*p+1,2*p+1);
    end
end
    
motionVect = vectors;

    
 

Contact us