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Peak finding and measurement

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Peak finding and measurement


Tom O'Haver (view profile)


20 Jul 2006 (Updated )

Function to locate and measure the positive peaks and valleys in noisy data sets.

% A simple self-contained demonstration of the findpeak function (line 54)
% applied to noisy synthetic data set consisting of a random number of narrow 
% peaks.  Each time you run this, a different set of peaks is generated.
% Calls the fundpeaks function, which must be in the Matlab path.
% See and 
% Tom O'Haver ( Version 3 February 2013
% You can change the signal characteristics in lines 9-16
format short g
format compact

% For each simulated peak, compute the amplitude, position, and width
pos=[200:200:7800];   % Positions of the peaks (Change if desired)
amp=round(5.*randn(1,length(pos)));  % Amplitudes of the peaks  (Change if desired)
wid=50.*ones(size(pos));   % Widths of the peaks (Change if desired)
Noise=.2; % Amount of random noise added to the signal. (Change if desired) 

% A = matrix containing one of the unit-amplidude peak in each of its rows
A = zeros(length(pos),length(x));
ActualPeaks=[0 0 0 0 0];
for k=1:length(pos)
  if amp(k)>.1,  % Keep only those peaks above a certain amplitude
      % Create a series of peaks of different x-positions
      A(k,:)=exp(-((x-pos(k))./(0.6005612.*wid(k))).^2); % Gaussian peaks
      % A(k,:)=ones(size(x))./(1+((x-pos(k))./(0.5.*wid(k))).^2);  % Lorentzian peaks
      % Assembles actual parameters into ActualPeaks matrix: each row = 1
      % peak; columns are Peak #, Position, Height, Width, Area
      ActualPeaks(p,:) = [p pos(k) amp(k) wid(k) 1.0646.*amp(k)*wid(k)]; 
z=amp*A;  % Multiplies each row by the corresponding amplitude and adds them up
y=z+Noise.*randn(size(z));  % Adds constant random noise
% y=z+Noise.*sqrtnoise(z);  % Adds signal-dependent random noise
% y=y+5.*gaussian(x,0,4000); % Optionally adds a broad background signal
% y=y+gaussian(x,0,4000); % Optionally adds a broad background signal
% demodata=[x' y']; % Assembles x and y vectors into data matrix

figure(1);plot(x,y,'r')  % Graph the signal in red
title('Detected peaks are numbered. Peak table is printed in Command Window')

% Initial values of variable parameters
WidthPoints=mean(wid)/increment; % Average number of points in half-width of peaks
SlopeThreshold=0.5*WidthPoints^-2; % Formula for estimating value of SlopeThreshold
SmoothWidth=round(WidthPoints);  % SmoothWidth should be roughly equal the peak width (in points)
FitWidth=round(WidthPoints); % FitWidth should be roughly equal to the peak widths (in points)

% Lavel the x-axis with the parameter values
xlabel(['SlopeThresh. = ' num2str(SlopeThreshold) '    AmpThresh. = ' num2str(AmpThreshold) '    SmoothWidth = ' num2str(SmoothWidth) '    FitWidth = ' num2str(FitWidth) ])

% Find the peaks

% Display results
disp(['SlopeThreshold = ' num2str(SlopeThreshold) ] )
disp(['AmpThreshold = ' num2str(AmpThreshold) ] )
disp(['SmoothWidth = ' num2str(SmoothWidth) ] )
disp(['FitWidth = ' num2str(FitWidth) ] )
disp(['Speed = ' num2str(round(PeaksPerSecond)) ' Peaks Per Second' ] )
disp('         Peak #     Position      Height      Width       Area')
Measuredpeaks  % Display table of peaks
figure(1);text(Measuredpeaks(:, 2),Measuredpeaks(:, 3),num2str(Measuredpeaks(:,1)))  % Number the peaks found on the graph

if length(ActualPeaks)==length(Measuredpeaks),

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