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Peak finding and measurement

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Peak finding and measurement

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20 Jul 2006 (Updated )

Function to locate and measure the positive peaks and valleys in noisy data sets.

P=findpeaksnr(x,y,SlopeThreshold,AmpThreshold,smoothwidth,peakgroup,smoothtype)
function P=findpeaksnr(x,y,SlopeThreshold,AmpThreshold,smoothwidth,peakgroup,smoothtype)
% function P=findpeaks(x,y,SlopeThreshold,AmpThreshold,smoothwidth,peakgroup,smoothtype)
% Function to locate the positive peaks in a noisy x-y time series data
% set. Detects peaks by looking for downward zero-crossings
% in the first derivative that exceed SlopeThreshold.
% Returns list (P) containing peak number and position, 
% height, width, and Signal-to-Noise ratio of each peak. Arguments "slopeThreshold",
% "ampThreshold" and "smoothwidth" control peak sensitivity.
% Higher values will neglect smaller features. "Smoothwidth" is
% the width of the smooth applied before peak detection; larger
% values ignore narrow peaks. If smoothwidth=0, no smoothing
% is performed. "Peakgroup" is the number points around the top 
% part of the peak that are taken for measurement. If Peakgroup=0
% the local maximum is takes as the peak height and position.
% The argument "smoothtype" determines the smooth algorithm:
%   If smoothtype=1, rectangular (sliding-average or boxcar) 
%   If smoothtype=2, triangular (2 passes of sliding-average)
%   If smoothtype=3, pseudo-Gaussian (3 passes of sliding-average)
% See http://terpconnect.umd.edu/~toh/spectrum/Smoothing.html and 
% http://terpconnect.umd.edu/~toh/spectrum/PeakFindingandMeasurement.htm
% (c) T. C. O'Haver, 1995-2013. Version 1, February, 2013
% Skip peaks if peak measurement results in NaN values
% Examples:
% findpeaksnr(0:.01:2,humps(0:.01:2),0,-1,5,5)
% x=[0:.01:50];findpeaksnr(x,cos(x),0,-1,5,5)
% x=[0:.01:5];findpeaksnr(x,x.*sin(x.^2).^2+.1*whitenoise(x),.001,1,15,10)
if nargin~=7;smoothtype=1;end  % smoothtype=1 if not specified in argument
if smoothtype>3;smoothtype=3;end
if smoothtype<1;smoothtype=1;end 
smoothwidth=round(smoothwidth);
peakgroup=round(peakgroup);
if smoothwidth>1,
    d=fastsmooth(deriv(y),smoothwidth,smoothtype);
else
    d=y;
end
n=round(peakgroup/2+1);
P=[0 0 0 0 0];
vectorlength=length(y);
peak=1;
AmpTest=AmpThreshold;
for j=2*round(smoothwidth/2)-1:length(y)-smoothwidth,
    if sign(d(j)) > sign (d(j+1)), % Detects zero-crossing
        if d(j)-d(j+1) > SlopeThreshold*y(j), % if slope of derivative is larger than SlopeThreshold
            if y(j) > AmpTest,  % if height of peak is larger than AmpThreshold
                xx=zeros(size(peakgroup));yy=zeros(size(peakgroup));
                for k=1:peakgroup, % Create sub-group of points near peak
                    groupindex=j+k-n+2;
                    if groupindex<1, groupindex=1;end
                    if groupindex>vectorlength, groupindex=vectorlength;end
                    xx(k)=x(groupindex);yy(k)=y(groupindex);
                end
                if peakgroup>3,
                    [coef,S,MU]=polyfit(xx,log(abs(yy)),2);  % Fit parabola to log10 of sub-group with centering and scaling
                    c1=coef(3);c2=coef(2);c3=coef(1);
                    PeakX=-((MU(2).*c2/(2*c3))-MU(1));   % Compute peak position and height of fitted parabola
                    PeakY=exp(c1-c3*(c2/(2*c3))^2);  
                    MeasuredWidth=norm(MU(2).*2.35482/(sqrt(2)*sqrt(-1*c3)));
                    residual=yy-PeakY*gaussian(xx,PeakX,MeasuredWidth);
                    SNR=abs(PeakY./std(residual));
                   % if the peak is too narrow for least-squares technique to work
                    % well, just use the max value of y in the sub-group of points near peak.
                else
                    PeakY=max(yy);
                    pindex=val2ind(yy,PeakY);
                    PeakX=xx(pindex(1));
                    MeasuredWidth=0;
                end
                % Construct matrix P. One row for each peak
                % detected, containing the peak number, peak
                % position (x-value) and peak height (y-value).
                % If peak measurements fails and results in NaN, skip this
                % peak
                if isnan(PeakX) || isnan(PeakY) || PeakY<AmpThreshold,
                    % Skip this peak
                else % Otherwiase count this as a valid peak
                    P(peak,:) = [round(peak) PeakX PeakY MeasuredWidth SNR];
                    peak=peak+1; % Move on to next peak
                end
            end
        end
    end
end
% ----------------------------------------------------------------------
function [index,closestval]=val2ind(x,val)
% Returns the index and the value of the element of vector x that is closest to val
% If more than one element is equally close, returns vectors of indicies and values
% Tom O'Haver (toh@umd.edu) October 2006
% Examples: If x=[1 2 4 3 5 9 6 4 5 3 1], then val2ind(x,6)=7 and val2ind(x,5.1)=[5 9]
% [indices values]=val2ind(x,3.3) returns indices = [4 10] and values = [3 3]
dif=abs(x-val);
index=find((dif-min(dif))==0);
closestval=x(index);

function d=deriv(a)
% First derivative of vector using 2-point central difference.
%  T. C. O'Haver, 1988.
n=length(a);
d(1)=a(2)-a(1);
d(n)=a(n)-a(n-1);
for j = 2:n-1;
  d(j)=(a(j+1)-a(j-1)) ./ 2;
end

function SmoothY=fastsmooth(Y,w,type,ends)
% fastbsmooth(Y,w,type,ends) smooths vector Y with smooth 
%  of width w. Version 2.0, May 2008.
% The argument "type" determines the smooth type:
%   If type=1, rectangular (sliding-average or boxcar) 
%   If type=2, triangular (2 passes of sliding-average)
%   If type=3, pseudo-Gaussian (3 passes of sliding-average)
% The argument "ends" controls how the "ends" of the signal 
% (the first w/2 points and the last w/2 points) are handled.
%   If ends=0, the ends are zero.  (In this mode the elapsed 
%     time is independent of the smooth width). The fastest.
%   If ends=1, the ends are smoothed with progressively 
%     smaller smooths the closer to the end. (In this mode the  
%     elapsed time increases with increasing smooth widths).
% fastsmooth(Y,w,type) smooths with ends=0.
% fastsmooth(Y,w) smooths with type=1 and ends=0.
% Example:
% fastsmooth([1 1 1 10 10 10 1 1 1 1],3)= [0 1 4 7 10 7 4 1 1 0]
% fastsmooth([1 1 1 10 10 10 1 1 1 1],3,1,1)= [1 1 4 7 10 7 4 1 1 1]
%  T. C. O'Haver, May, 2008.
if nargin==2, ends=0; type=1; end
if nargin==3, ends=0; end
  switch type
    case 1
       SmoothY=sa(Y,w,ends);
    case 2   
       SmoothY=sa(sa(Y,w,ends),w,ends);
    case 3
       SmoothY=sa(sa(sa(Y,w,ends),w,ends),w,ends);
  end

function SmoothY=sa(Y,smoothwidth,ends)
w=round(smoothwidth);
SumPoints=sum(Y(1:w));
s=zeros(size(Y));
halfw=round(w/2);
L=length(Y);
for k=1:L-w,
   s(k+halfw-1)=SumPoints;
   SumPoints=SumPoints-Y(k);
   SumPoints=SumPoints+Y(k+w);
end
s(k+halfw)=sum(Y(L-w+1:L));
SmoothY=s./w;
% Taper the ends of the signal if ends=1.
  if ends==1,
    startpoint=(smoothwidth + 1)/2;
    SmoothY(1)=(Y(1)+Y(2))./2;
    for k=2:startpoint,
       SmoothY(k)=mean(Y(1:(2*k-1)));
       SmoothY(L-k+1)=mean(Y(L-2*k+2:L));
    end
    SmoothY(L)=(Y(L)+Y(L-1))./2;
  end
% ----------------------------------------------------------------------
function g = gaussian(x,pos,wid)
%  gaussian(x,pos,wid) = gaussian peak centered on pos, half-width=wid
%  x may be scalar, vector, or matrix, pos and wid both scalar
%  T. C. O'Haver, 1988
% Examples: gaussian([0 1 2],1,2) gives result [0.5000    1.0000    0.5000]
% plot(gaussian([1:100],50,20)) displays gaussian band centered at 50 with width 20.
g = exp(-((x-pos)./(0.6005615.*wid)) .^2);

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