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LATSQ

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LATSQ

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18 Sep 2006 (Updated )

(randomized) Latin Square

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Description

M = LATSQ(N) creates a latin square of size N-by-N containing the numbers 1 to N. N should be a positive integer. M is also known as the (backward shifted) circulant matrix of the vector 1:N.

[M, R] = LATSQ(N) also returns a randomized latin square in R.
 
A latin square of size N is a N-by-N matrix filled with N different numbers in such a way that each number occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column. They have applications in the design of experiments.
More information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_square

Example:
[M,R] = latsq(4) % ->
 % M is unrandomized
 % 1 2 3 4
 % 2 3 4 1
 % 3 4 1 2
 % 4 1 2 3
 % R is randomized
 % 2 3 1 4
 % 3 4 2 1
 % 4 1 3 2
 % 1 2 4 3
 
Note that "sort(ballatsq(N),1-2)" will return 1:N in each column-row.

See also MAGIC, GALLERY,
     BALLATSQ, CIRCULANT, SLM (File Exchange)

Latest version: 1.4 (feb 2009)

Acknowledgements

This file inspired Latin Cube.

MATLAB release MATLAB 6.5 (R13)
Other requirements should work on most matlab releases
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Comments and Ratings (2)
14 Jul 2010 W. Owen Brimijoin  
12 Aug 2007 Miguel Nacenta  
Updates
19 Sep 2006

fixed minor spelling errors

03 Feb 2009

updated hellp

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