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Highlights from
Data Analysis with MATLAB for Excel Users

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Data Analysis with MATLAB for Excel Users

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09 Mar 2007 (Updated )

Materials for public seminar of the same name (slides and demos)

hhh=vline(x,in1,in2,in3)
function hhh=vline(x,in1,in2,in3)
% function h=vline(x, linetype, label)
% SMH: vline(hAX, ...) places on specified axes
% Draws a vertical line on the current axes at the location specified by 'x'.  Optional arguments are
% 'linetype' (default is 'r:') and 'label', which applies a text label to the graph near the line.  The
% label appears in the same color as the line.
%
% The line is held on the current axes, and after plotting the line, the function returns the axes to
% its prior hold state.
%
% The HandleVisibility property of the line object is set to "off", so not only does it not appear on
% legends, but it is not findable by using findobj.  Specifying an output argument causes the function to
% return a handle to the line, so it can be manipulated or deleted.  Also, the HandleVisibility can be 
% overridden by setting the root's ShowHiddenHandles property to on.
%
% h = vline(42,'g','The Answer')
%
% returns a handle to a green vertical line on the current axes at x=42, and creates a text object on
% the current axes, close to the line, which reads "The Answer".
%
% vline also supports vector inputs to draw multiple lines at once.  For example,
%
% vline([4 8 12],{'g','r','b'},{'l1','lab2','LABELC'})
%
% draws three lines with the appropriate labels and colors.
% 
% By Brandon Kuczenski for Kensington Labs.
% brandon_kuczenski@kensingtonlabs.com
% 8 November 2001

% smh: very sloppy code up front to handle axes passed in
% smh: check first input argument
if ishandle(x)
    if strcmp(get(x,'Type'),'axes')
        hAx = x;
        x = in1;
        if nargin>=3
            in1 = in2;
        end;
        if nargin==4
            in2 = in3;
        end;
    else
        hAx = gca;
    end;
else
    hAx = gca;
end


if length(x)>1  % vector input
    for I=1:length(x)
        switch nargin
        case 1
            linetype='r:';
            label='';
        case 2
            if ~iscell(in1)
                in1={in1};
            end
            if I>length(in1)
                linetype=in1{end};
            else
                linetype=in1{I};
            end
            label='';
        case 3
            if ~iscell(in1)
                in1={in1};
            end
            if ~iscell(in2)
                in2={in2};
            end
            if I>length(in1)
                linetype=in1{end};
            else
                linetype=in1{I};
            end
            if I>length(in2)
                label=in2{end};
            else
                label=in2{I};
            end
        end
        h(I)=vline(x(I),linetype,label);
    end
else
    switch nargin
    case 1
        linetype='r:';
        label='';
    case 2
        linetype=in1;
        label='';
    case 3
        linetype=in1;
        label=in2;
    end

    
    
    
    g=ishold(hAx);
    hold on

    y=get(hAx,'ylim');
    h=plot([x x],y,linetype);
    if length(label)
        xx=get(hAx,'xlim');
        xrange=xx(2)-xx(1);
        xunit=(x-xx(1))/xrange;
        if xunit<0.8
            text(x+0.01*xrange,y(1)+0.1*(y(2)-y(1)),label,'color',get(h,'color'))
        else
            text(x-.05*xrange,y(1)+0.1*(y(2)-y(1)),label,'color',get(h,'color'))
        end
    end     

    if g==0
    hold off
    end
    set(h,'tag','vline','handlevisibility','off')
end % else

if nargout
    hhh=h;
end

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