I noticed the many codes on the FEX to compute the Fresnel integrals for real arguments, and it left me wondering how I might try solving this problem in MATLAB for both high accuracy and high efficiency.
The approach I took yields a maximum error of roughly 1e-14 as far as I could get reasonable values to compare it to. (The screenshot shows the predicted error for a sampling of points.)
I've supplied functions for both the Fresnel sine and cosine integrals, as well as a .pdf file that explains the approach I took.
Evaluate the Fresnel cosine integral C(x) at x = 1.38
Verify the correctness of this value using quadgk.
>> FresnelCObj = @(t) cos(pi*t.^2/2);
Now, how fast is fresnelC? Using Steve Eddins timeit code to yield an accurate estimate of the time required, we see that it is reasonably fast for scalar input.
>> timeit(@() fresnelC(1.38))
More importantly, these functions are properly vectorized. So 1 million evaluations are easy to do, and are much faster than 1 million times the time taken for one evaluation.
>> T = rand(1000000,1);
>> FCpred = fresnelC(T);
Elapsed time is 0.226884 seconds.