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Highlights from Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules

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Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules

Jered Wells (view profile)

27 Oct 2011 (Updated )

SIMPSON: Simpson's rule for quadratic and cubic numerical integration

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Description

RES = SIMPSON(Y) computes an approximation of the integral of Y via
Simpson's 1/3 rule (with unit spacing). Simpson's 1/3 rule uses
quadratic interpolants for numerical integration. To compute the
integral for spacing different from one, multiply RES by the spacing
increment.

For vectors, SIMPSON(Y) is the integral of Y. For matrices, SIMPSON(Y)
is a row vector with the integral over each column. For N-D
arrays, SIMPSON(Y) works across the first non-singleton dimension.

RES = SIMPSON(X,Y) computes the integral of Y with respect to X using
Simpson's 1/3 rule. X and Y must be vectors of the same
length, or X must be a column vector and Y an array whose first
non-singleton dimension is length(X). SIMPSON operates along this
dimension. Note that X must be equally spaced for proper execution of
the 1/3 and 3/8 rules. If X is not equally spaced, the trapezoid rule
(MATLAB's TRAPZ) is recommended.

RES = SIMPSON(X,Y,DIM) or SIMPSON(Y,DIM) integrates across dimension
DIM of Y. The length of X must be the same as size(Y,DIM)).

RES = SIMPSON(X,Y,DIM,RULE) can be used to toggle between Simpson's 1/3
rule and Simpson's 3/8 rule. Simpson's 3/8 rule uses cubic interpolants
to accomplish the numerical integration. If the default value for DIM
is desired, assign an empty matrix.

- RULE options

[DEFAULT] '1/3' Simpson's rule for quadratic interpolants

'3/8' Simpson's rule for cubic interpolants

Examples:
% Integrate Y = SIN(X)
x = 0:0.2:pi;
y = sin(x);
a = sum(y)*0.2; % Rectangle rule
b = trapz(x,y); % Trapezoid rule
c = simpson(x,y,[],'1/3'); % Simpson's 1/3 rule
d = simpson(x,y,[],'3/8'); % Simpson's 3/8 rule
e = cos(x(1))-cos(x(end)); % Actual integral
fprintf('Rectangle Rule: %.15f\n', a)
fprintf('Trapezoid Rule: %.15f\n', b)
fprintf('Simpson''s 1/3 Rule: %.15f\n', c)
fprintf('Simpson''s 3/8 Rule: %.15f\n', d)
fprintf('Actual Integral: %.15f\n', e)

x1 = linspace(0,2,4);
x2 = linspace(0,2,7);
x4 = linspace(0,2,13);
y = @(x) 2+cos(2*sqrt(x));
format long
y1 = y(x1); res1 = simpson(x1,y1,[],'3/8'); disp(res1)
y2 = y(x2); res2 = simpson(x2,y2,[],'3/8'); disp(res2)
y4 = y(x4); res4 = simpson(x4,y4,[],'3/8'); disp(res4)

Class support for inputs X, Y:
float: double, single

Acknowledgements

Simpson's Rule Integration inspired this file.

Required Products MATLAB
MATLAB release MATLAB 7.7 (R2008b)
05 Mar 2016 eric ross

eric ross (view profile)

02 Mar 2012 Andrew Davis

Andrew Davis (view profile)

Thanks for putting this up, it works great.

In the first example, I suppose the step size in x should be 0.01, or the multiplier in the a = ... line should be 0.2. Also, the strcat() function in the disp lines is redundant, since the concatenation is already performed by the [] brackets. May I suggest:
>> fprintf('Rectangle Rule: %.15f\n', a);

Thanks again for this submission.

27 Feb 2012 1.1

Made inputs and execution congruent with TRAPZ
Help file formatted to MATLAB standard (incl H1 line)
Execution vectorized to accommodate N-dimensional arrays (similar to TRAPZ)
Error checking step included for unequally spaced X

23 Mar 2012 1.2

Edited example