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JPEG Compression (DCT)

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JPEG Compression (DCT)

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JPEG compression using Discrete Cosine Transform Technique

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Description

In this code, Run Length Encoding is used to compress the Normalized DCT Coefficients, and corresponding Decoding techniques are used to decompress the image.

Required Products Image Acquisition Toolbox
Image Processing Toolbox
Statistics Toolbox
MATLAB release MATLAB 7.7 (R2008b)
Other requirements The code is written to work on the images of size M X N where M and N are multiples of 8 (eg. 512 X 512). A little modification is required to accomodate the usage of images of other dimensions.
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Comments and Ratings (20)
13 Aug 2014 fateh

i got error at this line..
Error using dct1 (line 11)
Not enough input arguments.

07 Jul 2014 hediye khosravi

dear Vinay,thanks for your usful code,but when i run it this error acure:
??? Error using ==> minus
Matrix dimensions must agree.

Error in ==> dct1 at 325
diff=im2double(I)*255-I_rec;

plz help me to run your code!

13 May 2014 LPS NTUST

I want to compress Depth Map 16-bit.
Is it possible ?

21 Apr 2014 Mayuri

I want the compressed image in matrix form. Is it possible?

15 Nov 2013 Elysi Cochin

Sir this code works very well for gray images... I tried this for color images by converting the RGB to YCbCr and then did the code for each Y, Cb, Cr separately and then combined it.... it worked without any errors .... but the i couldnt restore the color image as the input image.... please could you help me to work with the color images also.... please do reply...

27 Jul 2013 Pooja

Hello, I am using a .raw format input image.I am getting error as too many output arguments.Could you please help me to solve the problem.Thank you..

24 Feb 2013 Andrew

Thank you Vinay for the explanation. But for lower values of m,say 4, where bpp would then be 0.5, there appears a lot more block noise than expected at that bitrate. any adjustments you might suggest?

23 Feb 2013 Vinay Kumar Tadepalli

Dear Andrew,

The n indicate the pixel depth of the input image. So, for an RGB Color image, it is 24, and for a monochrome image (gray scale image), it is 8 bits. And m indicates the amount of compression that you can afford. The range of m should be [1, n]. For example, when you are computing DCT for an 8-bit image, the DCT coefficients you obtain are normalized with normalization matrix and then rounded off (normalization+rounding off = quantization). And then these Quantized coefficients are converted to binary form and NOW you have a choice whether to retain all the bits of each DCT coefficient or only some. That will be specified by the user as m.

Note that both m and n are positive integers.

Hope it cleared your doubts.

23 Feb 2013 Andrew

Hi Vinay, i run the DCT code but i need more explanation on the n,m part. e.g when i run n=8,m=2, i get an error about exceeding matrix dimensions. n is also indicated as bits per pixel, but when i try a value like n= 0.5, i still get an error.
Please enlighten me on that part(n,m) and how to use then to calculate the right bit per pixel values. Otherwise thank you for the code

12 Jan 2013 Vinay Kumar Tadepalli

Dear Mehdi, the code is not generalized for Images of arbitrary sizes. So, you have to include a code for padding additional rows and columns to make row number and column number a multiple of 2. That should solve the problem. If you have any other issues, let me know.

11 Jan 2013 mehdi

thanks for Code, but when i run it i have this error Error using - Matrix dimensions must agree. Error in W (line 327) diff=im2double(I)*255-I_rec;

08 Jan 2013 Vinay Kumar Tadepalli

Hi tonyk, M and N represent the non-overlapping block size in the entire image. That means, the digital image is divided into a number of blocks of dimension M X N. Typical values are M=N=8.

08 Jan 2013 tonyk bui

plz tell me about m and n ?
i don't know
thanks

12 Nov 2012 Ritesh Chandora  
03 Oct 2012 RajiSantosh

Can this code be extended for three dimensional DCT?

02 May 2012 Vinay Kumar Tadepalli

One way is to encode the three color layers independently using the above method and then combine in the end. You may need to use some extra bits for separating b/w the binary data of each layer.

26 Apr 2012 Fionn O'Donohoe

>>This code is written for GrayScale Image. >>But it can be easily modified to make it >>work for color images also.

How so?

21 Mar 2012 Vinay Kumar Tadepalli

This code is written for GrayScale Image. But it can be easily modified to make it work for color images also.

21 Mar 2012 shravan

does this work for colour image?

21 Mar 2012 chi

thank

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