In some scientific works, once the data have been gathered from a population of interest, it is often difficult to get a sense of what the data indicate when they are presented in an unorganized fashion.
Assembling the raw data into a meaningful form, such as a frequency distribution, makes the data easier to understand and interpret. It is in the context of frequency distributions that the importance of conveying in a succinct way numerical information contained in the data is encountered.
So, grouped data is data that has been organized into groups known as classes. The raw dataset can be organized by constructing a table showing the frequency distribution of the variable (whose values are given in the raw dataset). Such a frequency table is often referred to as grouped data.
Here, we developed a m-code to calculate the kurtosis and excess of kurtosis of a grouped data.
One can input the returns or modified vectors n and xout containing the frequency counts and the bin locations of the hist m-function, in a column form matrix.
GKURTOSIS(X,0) adjusts the kurtosis for bias (correction by small sample size). GKURTOSIS(X,1) is the same as GKURTOSIS(X), and does not adjust for bias.
Kurtosis calculation uses the formula,
g2 = m4/m2^2, do not adjusted for bias
g2 = g2 - 3, excess kurtosis do not adjusted for bias
G2 = ((N+1)*g2 - 3*(N-1))*(N-1)/((N-2)*(N-3)) + 3, adjusted for bias
G2 = ((N+1)*g2 - 3*(N-1))*(N-1)/((N-2)*(N-3)), excess kurtosis adjusted for bias
m2 = second moment of the sample about its mean
m4 = fourth moment of the sample about its mean
N = sample size
Syntax: function y = gkurtosis(x,n)
x - data matrix (Size of matrix must be n-by-2; absolut frequency=column 1, class mark=column 2)
n - adjusted for bias = 0 (default), do not adjust for bias = 1
y - kurtosis and excess of kurtosis values in x
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