# MATLAB Simulations for Radar Systems Design

### Bassem Mahafza (view profile)

• 1 file
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11 Sep 2003 (Updated )

MATLAB Simulations for Radar Systems Design

rcs_aspect(scat_spacing, freq)
```function [rcs] = rcs_aspect(scat_spacing, freq)
% This function demonstrates the effect of aspect angle on RCS
% The default frequency is 3GHz. The radar is observing two unity
% point scatterers separated by 1.0 meters. Initially the two scatterers
% are aligned with radar line of sight. The aspect angle is changed from
% 0 degrees to 180 degress and the equivalant RCS is computed.
% The RCS as measured by the radar versus aspect angle is then plotted.

% Users may vary frequency, and/or scatteres spacing to observe RCS variation

eps = 0.00001;
% Enter scatterer spacing, in meters
%scat_spacing = 1.0;
% Enter frequency
%freq = 3.0e+9;
wavelength = 3.0e+8 / freq;
% Compute aspect angle vector
aspect_degrees = 0.:.05:180.;
% Compute electrical scatterer spacing vector in wavelength units
elec_spacing = (2.0 * scat_spacing / wavelength) .* cos(aspect_radians);
% Compute RCS (rcs = RCS_scat1 + RCS_scat2)
% Scat1 is taken as phase refernce point
rcs = abs(1.0 + cos((2.0 * pi) .* elec_spacing) ...
+ i * sin((2.0 * pi) .* elec_spacing));
rcs = rcs + eps;
rcs = 20.0*log10(rcs); % RCS in dBsm
% Plot RCS versus aspect angle
figure (1);
plot(aspect_degrees,rcs);
grid;
xlabel('aspect angle - degrees');
ylabel('RCS in dBsm');
%title(' Frequency is 3GHz; scatterrer spacing is 1.0m');

```