This function can be used to build your own custom colormaps. Imagine if you want to display rainfall distribution map. You want a colormap which ideally brings rainfall in mind, which is not achieved by colormaps such as winter, cool or jet and such. A gradient of white to blue will do the
task, but you might also use a more complex gradient (such as white+blue+red or colors='wbr'). This function can be use to build any colormap using main colors rgbcmyk. In image processing, w (white) can be used as the first color so that in the output, the background (usually with 0 values) appears white. In the example of rainfall map, 'wb' will produce a rainfall density map where the background (if its DN values are 0) will appear as white.
colors: string (char) of color codes, any sequence of rgbcmywk
representing different colors (such as 'b' for blue) is acceptable. If a
gradient of white to blue is needed, colors would be 'wb'; a rainbow of
white+blue+red+green would be 'wbrg'.
%try the output cmap:
colormap(cmap) %will use the output colormap