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Highlights from
Radar System Design and Analysis with MATLAB: Webinar

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Radar System Design and Analysis with MATLAB: Webinar

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09 Apr 2013 (Updated )

MATLAB source code of examples showcased in this webinar

beamformingExample

Contents

% Copyright 2013 The MathWorks, Inc

Beamforming Example

This example shows how to model antenna and target motion, and monitor array sidelobes while beamforming.

Model

A 4-panel, ground based antenna array is mounted on a vehicle moving on a circular path at constant speed.

fc    = 3e9;
sAnt  = lowProfileArray('FrequencyRange',[2/3*fc 4/3*fc],'ViewArray',false);
[sSAnt, sSAntPlat]= splitSubArrays(sAnt);
for i=1:4,
    sCol{i}  = phased.Collector('Sensor',sSAnt{i},'OperatingFrequency',fc);
    sBF{i}   = phased.PhaseShiftBeamformer('OperatingFrequency',fc,...
                        'SensorArray',sSAnt{i},'DirectionSource','Input port',...
                        'WeightsOutputPort',true); %#ok<*SAGROW>
    sResp{i} = phased.ArrayResponse('SensorArray',sSAnt{i},'WeightsInputPort',true);
end
% A target is flying over the array.
sTgtMotion = phased.Platform('InitialPosition',[10e4; 0; 5e4],...
                             'Velocity',[-400; -200; -40]);
s=sin(2*pi*5*(0:.01:1))'; % Target Echo

Simulate

N = 500;
scanAz = -180:180;
for ii=1:N
    [AzEl,face,antpos,tgtpos,range] = updatePos(sSAntPlat,sTgtMotion,1/N,ii);
    viewTrajectories                               % Visualize trajectories
    y = []; resp = []; chan = 0;
    for k=find(face),
        x = step(sCol{k},s,AzEl);                  % Collect signal
        noise = 0.01*(randn(size(x)));             % Add noise
        chan = chan + 1;
        [y(:,chan),w] = step(sBF{k},x+noise,AzEl); % Beamform
        ang = [scanAz;ones(size(scanAz))*AzEl(2)];
        resp(:,chan) = step(sResp{k},fc,ang,w);    % Array response
    end
    y = mean(y,2);                                 % Combine active array outputs
    resp = mean(resp,2);
    plotBeam                                       % Visualize array response
end

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