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Files to folders based on properties

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Files to folders based on properties


Nikolay S. (view profile)


Groups files into folders based on user defined file properties.

function filesPropsFolders=files2filePropsFolders(varargin) 
% files2filePropsFolders
% Groups files into folder based on user defined file properties.
%% Syntax
%  filesPropsFolders=files2filePropsFolders;
%  filesPropsFolders=files2filePropsFolders( 'inputsList', inputsList );
%  filesPropsFolders=files2filePropsFolders( 'inputsList', inputsList,...
%      'files2filePropsFolders', files2filePropsFolders, 'fileOp', @fileOp,...
%      'flagGUI', flagGUI, 'setInptsSource', setInptsSource,...
%      'browserTitle', browserTitle );
%% Description
% This functions goal is to reorganize the user chosen files into folders. The file are
%   organized based on user defined file property. Each such property results in a folder
%   populated by the files, with such a value of that property. 
%   I've written this function to make the task of arranging my camera photos by their
%   date into appropriate folders automatic. 
%   The function inputs are defined in pairs- "parameter name" followed by parameter value, where
%   parameters ordering is not important. Each parameter can be omitted. In such a case
%   default values will be used.
%% Input arguments (defaults exist):
%     inputsList- a cell array (list) of folders and/or files. A single file, a single
%       folder, or even empty input are also supported. Empty input will results in
%       opening of a files/folders browser.
%   files2filePropsFolders- a string (an array of chars) describing the property according
%       to which files selection is done. This property should be among regular file
%       properties returned by "dir" function, or the relevant properties returned by the
%       relevant file properties query function (see hFuncFileProps).
%   fileOp- a function handle of an operation to be applied to the file. So far only
%       {@movefile, @copyfile} functions were tested.
%   filesFilter- a list (cell array) of extensions describing the file type user wishes to
%       detect.
%   flagGUI-  When enabled allows the user to choose the files list using the
%       Explorer. Note files will be order according to their names (and not the order
%       you've clicked them).
%   setInptsSource- the input files source type- files list a directory or all files
%       located under the directory (including sub-folders). The user must choose one of
%       the three options {'Files list', 'Directory', 'Recursive Directory'}
%   browserTitle- a string used in the files/directories browser menu.
%% Output arguments:
%     filesPropsFolders-    a cell array of folders where files were placed, based on their
%                       property values.
%% Issues & Comments:
%   Files with missing (empty) property values will not be affected. Another easy to
%       implement option is to pace all such files in a predefined folder.
%% Example:
% fileNamesList=cat( 1, folderFiles(pwd), {'peppers.png'}, {'rhinos'} );
% foldersList=files2filePropsFolders('inputsList', fileNamesList,...
%     'targetFileProp', 'Height', 'fileOp', @copyfile);
% fprintf('New created directories and files\n');
% for iFolder=1:numel(foldersList)
%     fprintf('\nFolder "%s" files:\n', foldersList{iFolder});
%     filesCell=cellstr( ls(foldersList{iFolder}) );
%     isFolder=( cellfun(@isdir, filesCell, 'UniformOutput', false) );
%     filesCell=filesCell( not(cat( 2, isFolder{:} )) );
%     fprintf( '\t%s\n', filesCell{:} );
% end
% fprintf('\nCleaning up the mess, removing created directories\n');
% [status, message, messageid] = cellfun( @rmdir, foldersList,...
%     repmat({'s'}, size( foldersList )), 'UniformOutput', false );
%% See also:
%  - filesListFromInput
%% Revision history
% First version: Nikolay S. 2013-04-18.
% Last update:   Nikolay S. 2013-04-21.
% *List of Changes:*

%% Default user param values
fileOp=@copyfile; % {@movefile, @copyfile}
browserTitle='Select input files';

%% Load user params
if nargin>=2
    % automatically get all input pairs (name, value) and store in local vairables
    for iArg=1:2:length(varargin)

if ischar(inputsList) % convert char to cell array
    inputsList={inputsList}; % consider using "cellstr" instead of {}

%% Default programs param values
imageFilesExtList=cat(2, imageFormats.ext);

videoFormats= VideoReader.getFileFormats();

% Fill file types and functions capable of quering for additional file properties.
% Currently image and video files are supported. Update thsi section for additional
% relevant files (say audio files etc...). note the ordering of both local variables
% should be respectively ordered.

% A cell array with elements specifying the relevant etention of file types
fileExt4FuncFileProps={imageFilesExtList, videosFilesExtList};
% The query functions appropriate for each file type described by file extentions above
hFuncFileProps={@imfinfo, @vFileInfo};

%% Prepare list of file names
if isempty(filesFilter) % default file types
    filesFilter=cat(2, imageFilesExtList, videosFilesExtList);
    % filesFilter={[]};

fileNamesList=filesListFromInput(inputsList, flagGUI, filesFilter, setInptsSource,...

% remove folders (if any) form the files list
isFolder=cellfun( @isdir, fileNamesList);
fileNamesList=fileNamesList( ~isFolder );

%% Get basic file data via "dir" function
FileProps=cellfun( @dir, fileNamesList, 'UniformOutput', false );

%% Get file type specific data
% Get files extentions, to query for file type
[~, ~, fileExt]=cellfun(@fileparts, fileNamesList, 'UniformOutput', false);

% Get additional avalible files properties (for file types supporting such a query)
for iRelFileType=1:numel(fileExt4FuncFileProps)
    %% Create a cell array of structures with all data avalible for the file type
    % Combine fileds from various types, leaving irrelevant fields empty

    isRelFileType=false( size(fileExt) ); % init itertion variable chosing relevant files
    nRelExt=numel( fileExt4FuncFileProps{iRelFileType} );
    for iExt=1:nRelExt
        % Find files relevant to aditonal properties query function
        isRelFileType=isRelFileType |...
            strcmpi( strcat('.', fileExt4FuncFileProps{iRelFileType}{iExt}), fileExt );
    if any(isRelFileType) % if such files ecist, apply query
        % get relevant files properties
        FileAdditionalProps=cellfun( hFuncFileProps{iRelFileType},...
            fileNamesList(isRelFileType), 'UniformOutput', false );
        % analyze properties names
        for iFile=1:nFiles % go thorugh all files
            if isRelFileType(iFile)

            for iField=1:nFileds % for each newly added property
                currField=fieldsList{iField}; % get filed data
                if isRelFileType(iFile) % place filed data for relevant file types
                    % if irrelevant file type 
                    if isfield(FileProps{iFile}, currField)
                        continue; % Leave intact, if filed initiated with previous data
                        FileProps{iFile}.(currField)=[]; % Put empty (no data) filed data
                end	% if isVideoFile(iFile)
            end	% for iField=1:nFileds
        end	% for iFile=1:nFiles    
    end % if any(isRelFileType)

% Combine all data together

% Convert cell array of structures into an array of structures
% Get the relevant field data of all files
propFieldsList=cat(1, {FilePropsStruct.(files2filePropsFolders)} );
if strcmpi(files2filePropsFolders, 'date')
    % Convert to appropriate date format, ignoring minutes and seconds of file creation
    % time stamp
    propFieldsList=cellstr(datestr( datenum(propFieldsList,...
        'dd-mmm-yyyy HH:MM:SS'), 'yyyy-mm-dd' ));
isNumVal=cellfun(@isnumeric, propFieldsList);
propFieldsList(isNumVal)=cellfun(@num2str, propFieldsList(isNumVal), 'UniformOutput', false);
%% Apply operation (copy/move) to all files
hWaitbar=waitbar(0, 'Copying files:', 'Name', 'NikolayS files2FoldersProp.');

% Generate folder names based on selected file property values 
filesPropsFolders=unique( propFieldsList ); 
for iFolder=1:nFolders
    % find files of current property, to be moved to a given folder
    isTargFile=strcmpi( propFieldsList, filesPropsFolders(iFolder) );
    if isempty(iFiles)
        continue; % if no such target files exist- skip.
    % generate targt folders, under folder of first relevant file 
    [currPath, ~, ~]= fileparts( fileNamesList{ iFiles(1) } ); 
    % pad the filesPropsFolders with path of first relevant file
    filesPropsFolders{iFolder}=strcat(currPath, filesep, filesPropsFolders{iFolder} );
    if exist( filesPropsFolders{iFolder}, 'file') ~= 7
        mkdir( filesPropsFolders{iFolder} ); % generate folder if it does not exist
    % Apply fileOp to all apropriate files placing it into appropriate folder
    cellfun(fileOp, targetFiles, repmat( filesPropsFolders(iFolder), size(targetFiles) ));
    % calculate and update the progress bar
    waitbarTimeRemaining(hWaitbar, hTic, iFileCount/nFiles);
end	% for iFolder=1:nFolders
% % get all moved/copied files names and path 
% fileNamesList=filesListFromInput(filesPropsFolders, [], [], 'Files list');

%% Service function
function vFileInfoProps=vFileInfo(vFile)
% get properties of a video file
VideoObj = VideoReader( vFile );
vFileInfoProps=get( VideoObj );

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