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geom2d

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geom2d

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13 Jun 2005 (Updated )

Geometry library for matlab. Performs geometric computations on points, lines, circles, polygons...

polylinePoint(poly, pos)
function point = polylinePoint(poly, pos)
%POLYLINEPOINT Extract a point from a polyline
%
%   POINT = polylinePoint(POLYLINE, POS)
%   POLYLINE is a N*2 array containing coordinate of polyline vertices
%   POS is comprised between 0 (first point of polyline) and Nv-1 (last
%   point of the polyline).
%   
%
%   Example
%   poly = [10 10;20 10;20 20;30 30];
%   polylinePoint(poly, 0)
%       [10 10]
%   polylinePoint(poly, 3)
%       [30 30]
%   polylinePoint(poly, 1.4)
%       [20 14]
%
%
%   See also
%   polygons2d
%
% ------
% Author: David Legland
% e-mail: david.legland@grignon.inra.fr
% Created: 2009-04-30,    using Matlab 7.7.0.471 (R2008b)
% Copyright 2009 INRA - Cepia Software Platform.


% number of points to compute
Np = length(pos(:));

% number of vertices in polyline
Nv = size(poly, 1);

% allocate memory results
point = zeros(Np, 2);

% iterate on points
for i=1:Np
    % compute index of edge (between 0 and Nv)
    ind = floor(pos(i));
    
    % special case of last point of polyline
    if ind==Nv-1
        point(i,:) = poly(end,:);
        continue;
    end
    
    % format index to ensure being on polyline
    ind = min(max(ind, 0), Nv-2);
    
    % position on current edge
    t = min(max(pos(i)-ind, 0), 1);
    
    % parameters of current edge
    x0 = poly(ind+1, 1);
    y0 = poly(ind+1, 2);
    dx = poly(ind+2,1)-x0;
    dy = poly(ind+2,2)-y0;
    
    % compute position of current point
    point(i, :) = [x0+t*dx, y0+t*dy];
end

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