SimBiology

Target–Mediated Drug Disposition Model

This document presents a SimBiology implementation of Mager and Jusko’s generic Target-Mediated Drug Disposition model (TMDD) as described in General pharmacokinetic model for drugs exhibiting target-mediated drug disposition. Target-mediated drug disposition is a common source of nonlinearity in PK profiles for biotherapeutics. Nonlinearities are introduced because drug-target bindings saturate at therapeutic dosing levels.

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Model Description

In 2001, Mager and Jusko [1] proposed a generic TMDD model that accounted for saturable drug-target binding, as well as target (or receptor) mediated elimination. Drug in the Plasma reversibly binds with the unbound Target to form drug-target Complex. kon and koff are the association and dissociation rate constants, respectively. Clearance of free Drug and Complex from the Plasma is described by first-order processes with rate constants, kel and km, respectively. Free target turnover is described by a zero-order synthesis rate, ksyn, and a first order elimination (rate constant, kdeg). The model also includes an optional Tissue compartment to account for non-specific tissue binding or distribution. Variants of this TMDD model have been since used to characterize the pharmacokinetics of numerous drugs.[1]

Target–Mediated Drug Disposition Model

References

[1] Mager DE and Jusko WJ (2001) General pharmacokinetic model for drugs exhibiting target-mediated drug disposition. J Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics 28: 507–532.