HDL Coder™ model templates in Simulink® provide you with design patterns and best practices for models intended for HDL
code generation. Models you create from one of the HDL Coder model templates have their configuration parameters and solver settings set up
for HDL code generation. To configure an existing model for HDL code generation, use
To model hardware for efficient HDL code generation, create a model using an HDL Coder model template.
Open the Simulink Start Page. In the MATLAB® Home tab, select the Simulink button. Alternativelty, at the command line, enter:
In the HDL Coder section, you see templates that are preconfigured for HDL code generation. Selecting the template opens a blank model in the Simulink Editor. To save the model, select File > Save As.
To open the Simulink Library Browser and then open the HDL Coder Block Library, select the Library Browser button in the Simulink Editor. Alternatively, at the command line, enter
To filter the Simulink Library Browser to show the block libraries that support
HDL code generation, use the
The Complex Multiplier template shows how to model a complex multiplier-accumulator and manually pipeline the intermediate stages. The hardware implementation of complex multiplication uses four multipliers and two adders.
The template applies the following best practices:
In the Configuration Parameters dialog box, in HDL Code Generation > Global Settings, Reset type is set to
To improve speed, Delay blocks, which map to registers in hardware, are at the inputs and outputs of the multipliers and adders.
To support the output data of a full-precision complex multiplier, the output
data word length is manually specified to be
operand_word_length * 2) + 1.
For example, in the template, the operand word length is 18, and the output word length is 37.
The MATLAB Arithmetic template contains MATLAB arithmetic operations that infer DSP48s in hardware.
For example, the
MATLAB Function block shows how to write a multiply-accumulate operation in
MATLAB. hdlfimath applies fixed-point math settings for HDL code
function y = fcn(u1, u2) % design of a 6x6 multipler % same reset on inputs and outputs % followed by an adder nt = numerictype(0,6,0); nt2 = numerictype(0,12,0); fm = hdlfimath; persistent u1_reg u2_reg mul_reg add_reg; if isempty(u1_reg) u1_reg = fi(0, nt, fm); u2_reg = fi(0, nt, fm); mul_reg = fi(0, nt2, fm); add_reg = fi(0, nt2, fm); end mul = mul_reg; mul_reg = u1_reg * u2_reg; add = add_reg; add_reg(:) = mul+add; u1_reg = u1; u2_reg = u2; y = add;
The ROM template is a design pattern that maps to a ROM in hardware.
The template applies the following best practices:
At the output of the lookup table, there is a Delay block with
The lookup table is structured such that the spacing between breakpoints is a power of two.
Using table dimensions that are a power of two enables HDL Coder to generate shift operations instead of division operations. If necessary, pad the table with zeros.
The number of lookup table entries is a power of two. For some synthesis tools, a lookup table that has a power-of-two number of entries maps better to ROM. If necessary, pad the table with zeros.
The Register template shows how to model hardware registers:
In Simulink, using the Delay block.
In MATLAB, using persistent variables.
This design pattern also shows how to use
cast to propagate data types
The MATLAB code in the MATLAB Function block uses a persistent variable to model the register.
function y = fcn(u) % Unit delay implementation that maps to a register in hardware persistent u_d; if isempty(u_d) % defines initial value driven by unit delay at time step 0 u_d = cast(0, 'like', u); end % return delayed input from last sample time hit y = u_d; % store the current input u_d = u;
The SRL template shows how to implement a shift register that maps to an SRL16 in hardware. You can use a similar pattern to map to an SRL32.
In the shift register subsystem, the Tapped Delay implements the shift
operation, and the MATLAB Function,
implements the output mux.
select_tap, the zero-based address,
increments by 1 because MATLAB indices are one-based.
function dout = fcn(addr, tdelay) %#codegen addr1 = fi(addr+1,0,5,0); dout = tdelay(addr1);
The template also applies the following best practices for mapping to an SRL16 in hardware:
For the Tapped Delay block:
In the Block Parameters dialog box, Include current input in output vector is not enabled.
In the HDL Block Properties dialog box, ResetType is
For the Subsystem block, in the HDL Block Properties dialog box,
FlattenHierarchy is set to
The Simulink Hardware Patterns template contains design patterns for common hardware operations:
Serial-to-parallel shift register
Detect rising edge
Detect falling edge
For example, the design patterns for rising edge detection and falling edge detection:
The State Machine in MATLAB template shows how to implement Mealy and Moore state machines using the MATLAB Function block.
To learn more about best practices for modeling state machines, see Model a State Machine for HDL Code Generation.