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Managing Code in App Designer Code View

Code View provides most of the same programming features that the MATLAB® Editor provides. It also provides a rich set of features that help you to navigate your code and avoid many tedious tasks. For example, you can search for a callback by typing part of its name in a search bar. Clicking a search result scrolls the editor to the definition of that callback. And if you change the name of a callback, App Designer automatically updates all references to it in your code.

Managing Components, Functions, and Properties

Code View has three panes to help you manage different aspects of your code. This table describes each of them.

Pane NamePane AppearancePane Features
Component Browser

  • Context menu — Right-click a component in the list to display a context menu that has options for deleting or renaming the component, adding a callback, or displaying help. Select the Include Component Labels in Component Browser option to display grouped component labels.

  • Search bar —Quickly locate a component by typing part of its name in the search bar.

  • Inspector tab — Use this tab to view or change property values for the component that is currently selected. You can also search for a property by typing part of the name in the search bar at the top of this tab.

  • Callbacks tab — Use this tab to manage the callbacks for the component that is selected.

Code Browser

  • Callbacks, Functions, and Properties tabs — Use these tabs to add, delete, or rename any of the callbacks, helper functions, or custom properties in your app. Clicking an item in the Callbacks or Functions tab scrolls the editor to the corresponding section in your code. Rearrange the order of callbacks by selecting the callback you want to move and then, drag and drop the callback into its new position in the list. This also repositions the callback in the editor.

  • Search bar — Quickly locate a callback, helper function, or property by typing part of its name in the search bar.

App Layout

  • App thumbnail — Use the thumbnail image to locate components in large, complex apps that have many components. Selecting a component in the thumbnail selects the component in the Component Browser.

Identifying Editable Sections of Code

In the editor, some sections of code are editable and some are not. Gray sections of code are not editable. Those sections are generated and managed by App Designer. However, white sections are editable, and they correspond to:

  • The body of functions you define (e.g., callbacks and helper functions)

  • Custom property definitions

Programming Your App

App Designer defines your app as a MATLAB class. You do not need to understand classes or object-oriented programming to create an app because App Designer manages those aspects of the code. However, programming in App Designer requires a different workflow than working strictly with functions. You can review a summary of this workflow at any time by clicking the Show Tips button in the Resources tab of the toolstrip.

Managing UI Components

When you add a UI component to your app, App Designer assigns a default name to the component. Use that name (including the app prefix) to refer to the component in your code. You can change the name of a component by double-clicking the name in the Component Browser and typing a new name. App Designer automatically updates all references to that component when you change its name.

To use the name of a component in your code, you can save some time by copying the name from the Component Browser. Right-click the component name and select Insert at Cursor. Alternatively, you can drag the component name from the list into your code.

To delete a component, select its name in the Component Browser and press the Delete key.

Managing Callbacks

To make a component respond to user interactions, add a callback. Right-click the component in the Component Browser and select Callbacks > Add (callback property) callback.

If you delete a component from your app, App Designer deletes the associated callback only if the callback has not been edited and is not shared with other components.

To delete a callback manually, select the callback name in the Callbacks tab of the Code Browser and press the Delete key.

For more information about callbacks, see Write Callbacks in App Designer.

Sharing Data Within Your App

To store data, and share it among different callbacks, create a custom property. For example, you might want your app to read a data file and allow different callbacks in your app to access that data.

To create a property, expand the Property drop-down in the Editor tab, and select Private Property or Public Property. App Designer creates a template property definition and places your cursor next to that definition. Change the name of the property as desired.

properties (Access = public)
        X % Average cost
end

To reference the property in your code, use dot notation of the form app.Propertyname. For example, app.X references the property named X.

For more information about creating and using custom properties, see Share Data Within App Designer Apps.

Single-Sourcing Code that Runs in Multiple Places

If you want to execute a block of code in multiple parts of your app, create a helper function. For example, you might want to update a plot after the user changes a number in an edit field or selects an item in a drop-down list. Creating a helper function allows you to single-source the common commands and avoid having to maintain redundant sets of code.

To add a helper function, expand the Function drop-down in the Editor tab, and select Private Function or Public Function. App Designer creates a template function and places your cursor in the body of that function.

To delete a helper function, select the function name in the Functions tab of the Code Browser and press the Delete key.

For more information about writing helper functions, see Create Helper Functions in App Designer.

Creating Input Arguments

To add input arguments to your app, click App Input Arguments in the Editor tab. Input arguments are commonly used for creating apps that have multiple windows. For more information, see Startup Tasks and Input Arguments in App Designer.

Fixing Coding Problems and Run-Time Errors

Like the MATLAB Editor, the Code View editor provides Code Analyzer messages to help you discover errors in your code.

If you run your app directly from App Designer (by clicking Run ), App Designer highlights the source of errors in your code, should any errors occur at run time. To hide the error message, click the error indicator (the red circle). To make the error indicator disappear, fix your code and save your changes.

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