Camera Graphics Terminology
When you look at the graphics objects displayed in an axes, you are viewing a scene from a particular location in space that has a particular orientation with regard to the scene. MATLAB® Graphics provides functionality, analogous to that of a camera with a zoom lens, that enables you to control the view of the scene created by MATLAB.
This picture illustrates how the camera is defined in terms of properties of the axes. The view is the 2-D projection of the plot box onto the screen.