Documentation

This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English verison of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Please click here
To view all translated materals including this page, select Japan from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

Save and Load Workspace Variables

The workspace is not maintained across sessions of MATLAB®. When you quit MATLAB, the workspace clears. However, you can save any or all the variables in the current workspace to a MAT-file (.mat). You can then reuse the workspace variables later during the current MATLAB session or during another session by loading the saved MAT-file.

Save Workspace Variables

To save all workspace variables to a MAT-file, on the Home tab, in the Variable section, click Save Workspace.

To save a subset of your workspace variables to a MAT-file, select the variables in the Workspace browser, right-click, and then select Save As. You also can drag the selected variables from the Workspace browser to the Current Folder browser.

To save variables to a MATLAB script, click the Save Workspace button or select the Save As option, and in the Save As window, set the Save as type option to MATLAB Script. Variables that cannot be saved to a script are saved to a MAT-file with the same name as that of the script.

You also can save workspace variables programmatically using the save function. For example, to save all current workspace variables to the file june10.mat, use the command

save('june10')
To save only variables A and B to the file june10.mat, use the command

save('june10','A','B')

To store fields of a scalar structure as individual variables, use the save function with the -struct option. This can be useful if you previously loaded variables from a MAT-File into a structure using the syntax S = load(filename) and want to keep the original variable structure when saving to a new MAT-File.

To save part of a variable, use the matfile function. This can be useful if you are working with very large data sets that are otherwise too large to fit in memory. For more information, see Save and Load Parts of Variables in MAT-Files.

Load Workspace Variables

To load saved variables from a MAT-file into your workspace, double-click the MAT-file in the Current Folder browser.

To load a subset of variables from a MAT-file on the Home tab, in the Variable section, click Import Data. Select the MAT-file you want to load and click Open. You also can drag the desired variables from the Current Folder browser Details panel of the selected MAT-file to the Workspace browser.

To load variables saved to a MATLAB script into the workspace, simply run the script.

You also can load saved variables programmicatically, use the load function. For example, load all variables from the file durer.mat

load('durer')
To load variables X and map from the file durer.mat

load('durer','X','map')

To load part of a variable, use the matfile function. This is useful if you are working with very large data sets that are otherwise too large to fit in memory. For more information, see Save and Load Parts of Variables in MAT-Files.

Caution

When you load data into the MATLAB workspace, the new variables you create overwrite any existing variables in the workspace that have the same name. To avoid overwriting existing variables, use the load function to load the variables into a structure. For example, S = load('durer') loads all the variables from the file durer.mat into the structure S.

View Contents of MAT-File

To see the variables in a MAT-file before loading the file into your workspace, click the file name in the Current Folder browser. Information about the variables appears in the Details pane. Alternatively, use the command whos -file filename. This function returns the name, dimensions, size, and class of all variables in the specified MAT-file.

For example, you can view the contents of the example file durer.mat.

whos -file durer.mat
 Name           Size               Bytes  Class     Attributes

  X            648x509            2638656  double              
  caption        2x28                 112  char                
  map          128x3                 3072  double              

The byte counts represent the number of bytes that the data occupies in memory when loaded into the MATLAB workspace. Because of compression, data encoding, and metadata, the space occupied in the file by a variable may be different from the in-memory size. MATLAB compresses data in Version 7 or higher MAT-files. For more information, see MAT-File Versions.

See Also

|

Related Topics

Was this topic helpful?